Louder Than Words: The New Science of How the Mind Makes

Louder Than Words: The New Science of How the Mind Makes


Louder Than Words: The New Science of How the Mind Makes Meaning [PDF / Epub] ✅ Louder Than Words: The New Science of How the Mind Makes Meaning By Benjamin K. Bergen – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk Whether it's brusue convincing fraught with emotion or dripping with innuendo language is fundamentally a tool for conveying meaning a uniuely human magic trick in which you vibrate your vocal cords t Whether it's brusue convincing Words: The Epub â fraught with emotion or dripping with innuendo language is fundamentally a tool for conveying meaning a uniuely human magic trick in which you vibrate your vocal cords to make your innermost thoughts pop up in someone else's mind You can use it to talk about all sorts of things from your new labradoodle puppy to the expansive gardens at Versailles from Roger Louder Than eBook å Federer's backhand to things that don't exist at all like flying pigs And when you talk your listener fills in lots of details you didn't mention the curliness of the dog's fur or the vast statuary on the grounds of the French palace What's the trick behind this magic How does meaning workIn Louder than Words cognitive scientist Benjamin Bergen draws together a decade‚Äôs worth of research Than Words: The MOBI ò in psychology linguistics and neuroscience to offer a new theory of how our minds make meaning When we hear words and sentences Bergen contends we engage the parts of our brain Than Words: The New Science MOBI :Ú that we use for perception and action repurposing these evolutionarily older networks to create simulations in our minds These embodied simulations as they're called are what makes it possible for us to become better baseball players Than Words: The New Science MOBI :Ú by merely visualizing a well executed swing; what allows us to remember which cupboard the diapers are in without looking and what makes it so hard to talk on a cell phone while we're driving on the highway Meaning is than just knowing definitions of words as others have previously argued In understanding language our brains engage in a creative process of constructing rich mental worlds in which we see hear feel and actThrough whimsical examples and ingenious experiments Bergen leads us on a virtual tour of the new science of embodied cognition A brilliant account of our human capacity to understand language Louder than Words will profoundly change how you read speak and listen.


10 thoughts on “Louder Than Words: The New Science of How the Mind Makes Meaning

  1. Yasser Mohammad Yasser Mohammad says:

    The book gives an up to date account of the simulation theory of meaning as a part of embodied cognition movementThe main problem though is that for most of the book it seemed that everyone is confusing correlation with causation Activation of the motor system associated with thinking about verbs is understood as meaning that these systems are employed to understand these verbs etc Only in the chapter before the last does the book provide any substantial discussion of why should we attribute functional or causal power to simulation in understanding Even accepting all of the reported studies we know that simulation is neither necessary nor sufficient for understanding Still it would be important if it is functional but I think here the argument is weak it goes something like when simulation is blocked understanding is affected then simulation is functional in understanding For me this is not really convincing because common causes are still possible even when TMS us used as the association theory which atributes no functional role for simulation can still explain the findings by disruption of the mentalese processing caused by inverse association with the simulationNevertheless I think studying simulation and its probable role in understanding will generate theories and that is enough to continue doing itThe best parts for me were the discussion of the role of grammer in shaping simulations and the probable role of simulation in understanding metaphorical and abstract language A good read


  2. Melora Melora says:

    3 12 stars rounded up The author's premise that we understand language in part through embodied simulation is convincingly to me presented here and supported by descriptions of many many experiments Occasionally the explanations of studies and variations on studies and the nuances of what each study demonstrated and did not demonstrate get to be a little much but for the most part Bergen keeps things lively with engaging anecdotes and silly humor A fun book on current research into the ways we process language


  3. Jon Jon says:

    Fascinating book highly recommended by a Goodreads friend It's amazing to see how far the science of meaning has progressed since I was last studying it some 35 years ago The book is mostly about embodied simulation the process by which we make meaning on that in a second by imagining ourselves doing actions which words describe I'm astonished at the ingenuity with which experimenters have been able to design studies to tease out various nuances in this view But I'm an old guy and I can't rid myself of the old fashioned view that a speaker has an idea he chooses the words which convey it the hearer understands the words and receives the meaning The hearer doesn't make the meaning he understands it Bergen uses these words or less interchangeably Luckily for me in a closing chapter Bergen finally admits that my view can't be wholly wrong; but it certainly has nothing to do with the main argument of his book I also have a little trouble with his apparent assumption that computers might be designed to do the same thing we do when we understand each other I'm very dubious about that if for no other reason than John Searle's thought experiment involving bits of paper with Chinese characters on them passed through a slot in a wall to a person who understands no Chinese but who has a book of instructions on how to respond to any combination of characters The person follows instructions writes what the book tells him to and when his written response is received communication appears to have taken place I would say that the conveyance of meaning has been simulated That for me is computer communication in a nutshell Bergen mentions this thought experiment in a different context but he doesn't draw from it what I do Still a fascinating book clearly written with excellent examples and close reasoning I'm gratified that so many people this smart are working on these uestions


  4. Angie Boyter Angie Boyter says:

    I'd give this a 4 for ideas but have to dock it for execution The concept of embodied simulation as a key to meaning is intriguing and plausible and Bergen's writing style is enjoyable and NOT pedanticThat being said the book suffers from the same thing as a lot of other social science works the discussion of the experiments is too protracted and the conclusions he draws sometimes raise uestions in my mind Sometimes I just do not see why he draws a specific conclusion either it is not valid or he needed to explain it betteror I can think of alternative explanations that seem just as likelyI am glad I read it despite its weaknesses and recommend it if the subject appeals to you


  5. Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin Peter (Pete) Mcloughlin says:

    This book builds on the work of George Lakoff in how we construct models of meaning by concrete bodily simulations When we process language we build visual or motor models in our heads of what the words and sentences mean This is how meaning is built like computer code building a Sims world The book presents a great deal of evidence that the theory of meaning in language is our way of taking strings of symbols and creating a virtual reality in our head with them The author writes in an engaging and funny style that will keep the reader interested throughout


  6. Willian Molinari Willian Molinari says:

    A good book but maybe it's not for meI really like books that have a lot of research behind it this is one of them For almost every assumption made the author reveals a research done to support his pointThis book made me realize that our words do not give a meaning for something Example the word pen is not the meaning of something that writes with ink it is just a pointer to that meaning The meaning is the source that we generate When you learn a different language you're pointing to this same meaningSometimes this meaning can be made of sounds smells movements and so on A meaning is a different thing for different peopleThe thing with simulation is really interesting We use the same part of the brain to do an action and to simulate it The same area of the brain activates for executing an action thinking about an action and understanding a word about an actionExpertise affects how people understand words It may look obvious but sometimes we forget that some concepts that are obvious to us are not obvious to someone elseThis book also comments about a TMS and how it may interfere with how we speak But the interesting thing about this experiment is that it also interferes on how we talk to ourselves when stimulating the talking area of the brain That happens because we use the same area to speak and to talk to ourselvesThe book talks a lot about the English grammar and it's not so good for non native English speakers like meThe book is good and there were some interesting insights but some part were just tedious for me


  7. Kyrill Kyrill says:

    Like most pop CogSci books this is an interesting insight into some of the kit we use for inferring meaning It does not however add up to an explanation of what meaning is and is thus philosophically naive and Cartesian


  8. Nelson Zagalo Nelson Zagalo says:

    Astounding From the first to last word a magnificent trip on how we make meaning Impressively Kergen presents throughout the 300 pages than 200 cognitive experiments done mostly from the last 10 years to support his claims Kergen defends a position grounded in neuroscientific new knowledge but also in older work mostly inspired in the works of George LakoffThe main proposal of this book is to substitute the mentalese hypothesis with the embodied simulation hypothesis This means that instead of believing like Fodor and Pinker believe that language is made of a sort of innate brain code we should start to accept that we make meaning give sense to words concepts and ideas through the simple act of mentally and bodily simulate the experience inside us to grasp its understandingThis hypothesis is related to a bunch of other approaches like Phenomenology but also recent science on Empathy or the discussions around Knowledge through PracticeA great book for anyone interested in understanding how do we understand the importance of language and how it affects our understanding


  9. Andrea Andrea says:

    Super interesting especially if you think about etymology and brains and words as much as I do The cross language or mental language Mentalese the author calls it stuff is especially fascinating to me since I grew up with a native language I no longer speak but still have meaningful connections with those words


  10. Otter57 Otter57 says:

    Beautifully readable Meaning is at the heart of what it means to be human or perhaps it should be described as the embodiment of being human ;


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