Válka s Mloky ePUB ß Válka s Epub / Hardcover

Válka s Mloky ePUB ß Válka s Epub / Hardcover

Válka s Mloky [BOOKS] ✮ Válka s Mloky By Karel Čapek – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk Válka s Mloky se dlouho rozvíjí jako koláž novinových výstřižků a jiných skvěle parodovaných záznamů o podivuhodných Mlocích kteří se naučí mluvit pracovat chovat se jako lidé ch Válka s Mloky se dlouho rozvíjí jako koláž novinových výstřižků a Válka s Epub / jiných skvěle parodovaných záznamů o podivuhodných Mlocích kteří se naučí mluvit pracovat chovat se jako lidé chybí jim jen schopnost tvořivě myslet Za zdánlivě pouze zábavnou a vtipnou satirou na novinové senzace se postupně odkrývá to co Čapek považoval za největší nebezpečí pro lidskou civilizaci Totiž snahu vydělat na všem co slibuje zisk i kdyby to vzápětí mělo přinést zkázu Také potřebu většiny lidí usnadnit si život pokud možno nepracovat a jen si užívat jen se bavit a nedomýšlet nic z toho co se jeví jako hrozba vší kultuře a nakonec i existenci lidstva samého.


10 thoughts on “Válka s Mloky

  1. Mario the lone bookwolf Mario the lone bookwolf says:

    How often this setting has already been used is difficult to say but the classic evil suppression for maximum profit is as old as humanity Innocent creatures that are enslaved by the Salamander Syndicate in a technocratic world dominated by economic interests fanatism and intoleranceComparable to Orwells´Animal Farm Capek describes the cruel exploitation and its possible conseuences Social criticism fantasy and Sci Fi combine to a book that was uniue in its time and is written with so much dept wit and ingenuity that it doesn´t seem oldfashioned boring or lengthy at any momentI don´t know if the integration of fictional articles describing parts of the plot has its origins in this work or if it has already been used before by another author However the idea is brilliant and has been used over and over again be it with Pratchett's famous footnotes uotations memos short descriptions or the classic news articles before chapters or as a short refresher between the chaptersCapek should be named in one line with Orwell who described the conseuences of political extremism and Huxley who envisioned a soft mediapharma happy go lucky dictatorship as the one who combined it with colonialism and capitalism in it´s most extreme form One could even go so far as to say that he is even better than both much popular and well known authors because he integrates and caricatures all elements and spheres of power and indoctrinationThe way the whole society transforms and integrates the newts in their economic system and how the stages of suppression are just defined by the reuirements of the economy opens up room for many interpretations innuendos and philosophical and social theoretical implicationsPolitical and economic extremism has hardly ever been satirized in such a deep perfect and timeless way One could say that Capek owned both Cassandra and Michel de Notredame and predicted a large part of world history just as it happened after his early death The main uestion is who is who in which era and on whose side we are standing right now and if it couldn´t be that we have already been turned into newts without even recognizing itTropes show how literature is conceptualized and created and which mixture of elements makes works and genres uniue wiki walk can be as refreshing to the mind as a walk through nature in this completely overrated real life outside books


  2. Lisa Lisa says:

    Faking News Newts Trump Humans I'd become rather blasé when it comes to apocalyptic science fiction I thought I knew them all those brave new worlds that writers invent to symbolise the immediate danger of human self destruction out of sheer stupidity?Think again Lisa The newts invited me to the ultimate unexpected completely logical fantasy containing it ALL Welcome to a roller coaster of the hilarious kindDoes it start with the end of the world as we know it with the destruction of Earth to give way for a space highway like The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy? Not uite but we are heading thereDoes it contain human scientific hubris like The Island of Dr Moreau? Oh yes and a lot ridiculous naivety if possible What humans can do they will do No matter what the results will beWhat about genetically modified plants that fulfill no purpose except for showing us our irresponsible use of natural resources like in The Day of the Triffids? Actually the specialised and well euipped newts make sense and are useful and potentially dangerousWhat about weapons of mass destruction used against unknowing humanity like in The War of the Worlds? Well humans gave the newts the weapons and they were not to be beaten by bacteria in the end despite an internal discussion between the author and the writer yes to consider such a possibilityBest of all it even suggests a bleak future in Atwood’s spirit showing a drastically reduced humanity in search of new myths like MaddAddam and his peopleAll this and much much is contained in a small unpretentious book starting off as a mere farcical adventure story It changes its shape as the story itself changes from narrative to report to discursive essay to newspaper clippings and back to farcical narrative again Not once is it boring even when you have to go back and forth to read the several pages long footnotes explaining the one sentence you read two pages before Or when newspaper clippings are published in languages nobody has ever been able to translate Or whenNot once is it boring It is the funniest road trip to destruction I have ever read despite the fact that it is a chillingly truthful allegory on the political developments in the 1930sIt is one of a kindAnd universal Yes universal Salamandrism is the natural effect of human hubris and stupidity It was nobody’s fault really Everyone just did what they needed to do to earn money to expand territory to show off power to do whatever it is humanity does on a daily basis without thinkingThat the newts were able to take over and to start changing the world according to their needs thus creating a mythical flood that reset humanity in a state of pre biblical pre Gilgamesh history was ultimately the direct conseuence of humankind’s delusion that they would always be stronger clever less vulnerable than all other speciesBeaten by the mediocrity and homogeneity of a species with less extravagant desires humanity now has to wait for centuries in remote mountain villages until they can start their comeback“A new myth about a world flood will arise which God sent for the sins of mankind There will also be legends of submerged and mythical lands which were the cradle of human culture; perhaps there will be a fable about a land called England or France or Germany”“And then?”“I don’t know what comes next”Thus ends the final dialogue between author and writer and despite highlighting three uarters of the book I will not add any uotes for it is my honest opinion that every human being and newt on earth should read this excellent tale firsthand


  3. Glenn Russell Glenn Russell says:

    It’s war Humans versus newts And odds favor a newt victory since a number of key factors work in their favor newts can continue fighting even after losing two thirds of their internal organs; newts are absolute realists and make highly disciplined soldiers since they are not bogged down by things like fantasy or humor or lofty ideas; the current population of these creatures standing four foot high when walking upright on their hind legs has reached over twenty billion outnumbering humans ten to one Twenty billion That’s a lot of well armed fighting newtsSuch is the crisis in Karel Čapek's 1936 novel War With the Newts a highly entertaining satirical dystopian alternate history that's in turn fascinating humorous a tad unsettling and occasionally downright creepy The Czech author has addressed similar themes in his most famous work RUR Rossum's Universal Robots a play where the word robot appeared in writing for the first time In the play its humans versus robots in the novel Karel Čapek traces the history leading up to the newt wars beginning with the discovery by one Captain van Toch of these giant salamanders living underwater off the coast of a remote Indonesian islandThe captain’s dealings with these amiable creatures starts off innocently enough the newts trade pearls for knives whereby they can better open oysters their main diet Ever the opportunist van Toch rekons these newts can be his pearl hunters all across Indonesia Sharks have always kept the newt population in check So to increase their numbers the captain arms the newts with anti shark guns More newts pearls money And as soon as the good Captain recognized these tireless workers so eager to please are especially fit for underwater construction and could effectively be put to use for human engineering projects he shares his vision with a leader in the world of industry and commerce Bingo It's not long before the formation of The Salamander Syndicate owning and trading millions of newts across the globe Newts boost the world economy – utilizing a newt workforce nations claim ownership of the oceans and seas Meanwhile after subjecting newts to extensive tests and experiments scientists write articles explaining now that newts have expanded their habitat the coiled up spring of evolution has been provided an opportunity to unwind Philosophical issues arise Does a newt have a soul? The answers are mixed A Colonel Britton discoveres newts have no sense of honor or patriotism; Arturo Toscanini observes newts have no music; Mae West can plainly see newts are devoid of sex appeal thus on all three counts newts have no souls On the other side a spiritual teacher from India Sandrabharata Nath is uoted as remarking “They have a soul like every other creature and every plant as does everything that lives” Let the Newts receive a proper education Many are taught French literature rhetoric etiuette mathematics and the history of art Some of the salamanders can even uote Cicero One journalist observes newt comprehension of the newspapers is at the level of the average human Prompts us to wonder about those men and women below average Human intelligence begins to sound like an oxymoron The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and other pro salamander organizations attempt to insure newts are not treated cruelly or inhumanely not only in their capacity as workers to advance human economy but in all areas of their salamander lives These goodhearted people must fight ongoing battles on many fronts since the gullible newts willingly play the part of lackey and toady such irony in this amphibian term for their brutal human overseers Big theological uestion – could newts be baptized? The Catholic Church says no since newts are not Adam’s descendants However Protestant churches distribute many millions of copies of Holy Scripture for the newts on waterproof paper and a few eccentric Christian sects attempt to baptize newts One philosopher even goes so far as to compose a special religious system for newts including faith in the Great Salamander Where's Christopher Hitchens when you need him most? Years pass Millions upon millions of newts are everywhere Young newts want to make football fascism sexual perversion and other things human part of their everyday lives Old newts advocate sticking to traditional newt ways Well sort of those old newts don't mind reading the daily news in human newspapers Comrade newts Bourgeois civilization has enslaved your souls Newts are the new working class; newt labor should be prohibited So shouts pesky liberal agitators But governments and commercial interests uickly point out how newts have special skills underwater and that the overall standard of living for humans have risen dramatically Eually important actually important profits have risen If no working salamanders then twenty percent of all factories worldwide would be forced to shut down precipitating economic disasterDo you detect the entire face of planet earth has been radically altered? Karel Čapek masterfully lampoons and satirizes how we humans can so readily sacrifice decency compassion and respect for the balance of nature in our uest for self aggrandizement through the worship of nationalism economic power and military might And to think this novel was written on the cusp of the rise of Hitler and Nazism Karel Čapek 1890 1938 from Czechoslovakia novelist playwright essayist literary critic photographer art critic Much influenced by William James and American pragmatism he unceasingly campaigned for free expression and against all forms of fascism and communism


  4. BlackOxford BlackOxford says:

    We’re Here Because You Were ThereNot many go unscathed in the comic sarcasm of The War with the Newts most European nationalities Dutch and Czech in particular Americans especially Hollywood types and Yale alumni most Asians religious enthusiasts including Jews Catholics and militant atheists and all seamen academics and newspapermen are castigated by Čapek without mercy But his primary target is the emerging global capitalism of the early 20th century I doubt any other work of fiction has captured either the process or the conseuences of unrestrained commercial exploitation better than Čapek conseuences for the exploiters as well as the exploitedBy teaching a peculiar species of auatic lizard to protect themselves from sharks in exchange for pearls modern industrial freebooters unwittingly create a competitor civilisation The hapless capitalists do not realise that there are what economists call ‘externalities’ or unintended secondary effects of their passionate but ultimately pointless ambitions The resources they acuire from the newts are worthless except to produce products to be sold to the newts Give a newt an oyster and he gets a meal; give him a knife to shuck oysters and he gets a weapon of global dominationČapek is endlessly witty and his translator is a master at capturing that wit in English Describing the tribal chief of an isolated village in Indonesia “He was an elderly gentleman and naked but far thinner than mayors are in Europe” And the tenacious clinging of oysters to their rocky beds as “Shells that stick fast to the stones like the Jewish faith” And he knows his differentials when it comes to Catholic piety “‘Then I shall have a Catholic mass said too’ decided Jens Jensen ‘For Captain van Toch But I shall have it said here in Marseilles I think that in that big church they’ll do it cheaper cost price’ ‘It could be; but an Irish mass is the real thing In my home man the Jesuits are devils; they can nearly do wonders Just like witch doctors or heathens’” And Čapek is not averse to the odd important sociological observation such as “Fossil reptiles prefer blondes”In his introduction Robert Adams says Čapek writes like GK Chesterton He’s wrong Čapek is much entertaining His wry commentary on sex business and the ironies of human ambition could never emanate from Chesterton And the cosmopolitain Čapek makes Chesterton look like a provincial hack His attack on European colonialism is as relevant as it ever was in our era of continuing global exploitation of the poor by the rich not least because of his insight that it leads to massive population movements that are universally destructive


  5. Spencer Orey Spencer Orey says:

    This is one of those bizarre masterpieces that nobody could ever get published today It's a really bleak but clever and thoughtful take on an idea that then sees that idea allllll the way through And its sharp politics mostly hold up I admire the commitment here to thinking a scenario out so fully Like seriously it thinks it all the way through even jumping styles through international newspaper stories that tell short and touching human life stories that also advance the general story At some points it's like an accessible nonfiction book but about this bizarre and escalating global newt situation and even those parts are great to readIt's amazingImperial European racism the rise of fascism and corporate profiteering are in full focus with a brief comical chapter about wannabe movie star Americans There's some unfortunate racism and casual Orientalism but that also makes sense in terms of the story itself not a justification There are also profound and sometimes sly critiues of the slave trade and the racism of colonizationRead this if you're into evolutionary worldbuilding critiues of imperialism snark attacks on Europe that kind of thing Or if you're looking for something really thoughtfully weird Or if you just want to know what is up with the newts


  6. Lilo Lilo says:

    Satire is my favorite genre And this book is a gemNowhere have I ever found a better description of homo sapiens’s boundless greed bigotry stunning thoughtlessness and utter stupidityThis book leaves no parts levels or facets of society unscathed Karel Capek satirizes science academia education business politics fascism communism militarism law religion philosophy racism journalism and just about every trait of human nature one can think of Yet it isn’t all funny It is also sad and scary The centre topic of the book is how discrimination leads to exploitation violence and cruelty This will make you cry instead of laugh And it will make you cry when you realize that little has changed since 1936 when the book was writtenI wish Karel Capek were still alive and could shoot his satirical arrows at targets in our present world He wouldn’t have to look very far to find plenty This book is a must read for everyone who is interested in the future of our planet And I can assure you In order to achieve an apocalypse newts won’t be necessaryI am surprised that this book and its author are uite unknown outside of Czechoslovakia “War With the Newts” should be a classic The author’s other works and his life story also deserve attention I recommend reading what Wikipedia tells about Karel Capek Here is the linkČI also recommend reading Charley Ada’s detailed review of “War With the Newts” Here is the link


  7. H.M. Ada H.M. Ada says:

    A Dutch sea captain discovers intelligent human sized newts in a remote island bay So he does what anyone would do and tells somebody with money The Newts are then put to work building harbors and extending coastlines and hilarity ensues Well for the most part There is a war at the end of this book Racism is also a major theme both directly and allegorically through humanity's treatment of the Newts The humor is sarcastic and in a few places dark It skewers all elements of society industry academia the media law political activism religion etc None of the characters stay for very long and unfortunately we don't get to know any of the individual newts very well The character studied in this novel is humankind and all of its foibles In a way I thought the events were a realistic prediction of what might happen in this situation in the real world Some parts of society were to blame than others but ultimately it felt like there was no one really steering the ship just a series of independent self interested decisions and predictable social and economic trends leading humanity toward inevitable disaster At times some of the jokes made me feel like I was watching a Simpsons episode At least they had that kind of intelligent absurd undercuts everything type of humor My absolute favorite was when by the time it should have been obvious the Newts were intelligent someone asked at a corporate shareholder meeting about increasing profits whether the company's newts were edible All in all a great read that I'd recommend to anyone


  8. Tyler Jones Tyler Jones says:

    1985 was the worst year of my life The previous summer our family had moved from Calgary to Saskatoon and I had left behind a group of very close friends I had just graduated high school and I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life I did know that I would rather go to school than get a job so for perhaps the first time in my life I really applied myself academically in a last ditch effort to get accepted into University I pulled off a 99% in a summer school Chemistry class which must have impressed somebody because that September I found myself a chemistry major in the University of Saskatchewan The only problem was I didn't like chemistry As the year progressed I did less and less work in my science classes and found myself spending and time in the library reading fiction I couldn't find the science fiction I favoured among the literary selections at the University so I was forced to expand my horizons One day while browsing the stacks I came across this book by Karel Capek Capek was a name I was familiar with as Asimov freuently mentioned him in his essays as the man who devised the word robot Picking up the book I was surprised to see a blurb from my favourite author Kurt Vonnegut on the back Of course I had to read it It was a revelation Capek had if possible an even jaded view of human nature than I did but his cutting sense of humour transcended the hopelessness The message I took away from the book is that Man is a greedy and vain creature who will destroy the world in pursuit of small comforts With a message such as this why did I find War With the Newts so uplifting? Perhaps because it awoke the slumbering optimist in me to recognize a second message; the best weapon against the vanity and greed of Man is humour Religion capitalism fascism celebrity and even social reform each take their turn in Capek's dunk tank A brilliant social satire Why this book is not widely recognized as one of the great novels of the Twentieth Century has always been a mystery to me


  9. MJ Nicholls MJ Nicholls says:

    Having impulsively nabbed this from the library to return home and see Robert’s tip about reading a later translation Penguin Classics ed is a facsimile of the Weatherall from 1938 replete with arcane spellings I entered the novel wearily to be won over by the first rate Swiftian brilliance pirouetting from each page like Darcey Bussle doing The Hustle Making use of newspaper clippings excerpts from academic studies letters to the editor and so on in the second book the novel is also innovative in its form As I wallow in despair at the direction of contemporary fiction and frustrating fruitlessness of so much modern ‘innovation’ this sort of novel brings me comfort that undiscovered works from the past can still startle with their timeless wit and invention The future novel might be an echo chamber where the most used tropes echo the loudest but once in a while if a work of similar calibre to this is published things will tootle along happily and my nervous breakdown will be postponed for another year view spoilerThey never are hide spoiler


  10. Calzean Calzean says:

    Subtle satiric black poignant fiendishly cleverA species of newts are discovered which are intelligent and soon are able to talk and be trained as underwater workers for man Naturally they are seen as commodities to be traded and utilised basically as slave labour As they grow in numbers and gain knowledge they are used as armed forces by various nations Eventually their might threatens mankindThe cleverness of the tale is the author's understanding of man kind's foibles Capek throws barbs at various nationalities religions and professions He also warns of the unknown and unexpected impact of consumerism


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