Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy PDF/EPUB æ

Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy PDF/EPUB æ

Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy ❮PDF❯ ✯ Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy ⚣ Author Manuel DeLanda – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk At the start of the st Century, Gilles Deleuze is now regarded as the most radical and influential of contemporary philosophers Yet his work is widely misunderstood and misinterpreted Here, Manuel DeL At the start of the st and Virtual PDF Æ Century, Gilles Deleuze is now regarded as the most radical and influential of contemporary philosophers Yet his work is widely misunderstood Intensive Science PDF/EPUB ² and misinterpreted Here, Manuel DeLanda makes sense of Deleuze for both analytic and continental thought, for both science and philosophy DeLanda focuses on the intersection of philosophy and Science and Virtual Epub ß science, explaining how Deleuze s system of thought is fundamental to a proper understanding of contemporary science from self organisation to non linear dynamics to complexity theory.


10 thoughts on “Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy

  1. homoness homoness says:

    Usually, I don t pen reviews, but since this book, which I consider to be important in the field of Deleuze studies, hasn t received any actual criticism but has had been discussed as an important artefact in the question of whether or not Deleuze and Guattari ought to be exonerated of the most heinous crime of employing a vocabulary that draws on a wide range of sources, among them how dare they also STEM, I will say a few words about the book itself, in order to facilitate lecture of this Usually, I don t pen reviews, but since this book, which I consider to be important in the field of Deleuze studies, hasn t received any actual criticism but has had been discussed as an important artefact in the question of whether or not Deleuze and Guattari ought to be exonerated of the most heinous crime of employing a vocabulary that draws on a wide range of sources, among them how dare they also STEM, I will say a few words about the book itself, in order to facilitate lecture of this book for those, who yet wish have to read it.The book consists out of four parts save the short introduction four chapters and an appendix The four parts are as follows 1 An explanation of Deuleuze s usage of mathematics chapter 1 2 Deleuze s ontology chapter 2 to 3 3 Deleuze s epistemology chapter 4 4 A general clarification of Deleuzian thought and three of his major works, authored with Guattari Capitalism and Schizophrenia I and II and What is Philosophy.As many people know these days, DeLanda considers Deleuze to be a realist DeLanda takes a paramount interest in ontology and relegates epistemology to just one chapter, which reflects DeLanda s Deleuzian outlook Other than engaging in this, in my mind facile, discussion of realism vs idealism, DeLanda discusses the concept of multiplicity at length This is done primarily in the first chapter, where DeLanda shows how decidedly mathematical Deleuze s conception of subjectivity is This is both worthwile and demanding I d highly recommend it A multiplicity, the author says, is a nested set of vector fields related to each other by symmetry breaking bifurcations, together with the distributions of attractors which define each of its embedded levels DeLanda 2013 23p In the second chapter, DeLanda continues his elaboration of Deleuze s ontology Here DeLanda fleshes out his infamous flat ontology, which is made exclusively of unique, singular individuals, differeing in spatio temporal scale but not in ontological status DeLanda 2013 51 Such an ontology leaves no room for reified totalities e.g society DeLanda 2013 147 Rather, an ontology of the actual, virtual and intensity, constitute the explicity non essentialist nature of being.In the appendix, DeLanda wraps things up, and produces an ontological list, which names ten decisive aspects of Deleuze s ontology.Would I recommend this book Yes, I would, if one is interested in Deleuze and wishes to go beyond the usual prattling about how diversity is really important and how difference is everything and how one ought to be rhizomatic etc I am still unsure about the idea of a flat ontology, and its implications Latour does flat ontology rather well, and so does Garcia, but looking at Harman, I am not entirely convinced this is the right way Markus Gabriel, a new Elend der Philosophie povery of philosophy is a good example of what might happen if one pursues this line an insensuate resurrection of old categories such as sense meaning Sinn in the original German and a very simple ontology which allows everything to be that somehow is evoked linguistically, performatively, medially etc


  2. Michael Michael says:

    141217 this is a great reading of deleuze, unique, literate, scientific, all in explication of concepts and specific terminology intensive science is reading of new ways, to generate lines of flight, to create concepts, on the plane of immanence if you understand that maybe the book says nothing new , but such is the potential of using the virtual de landa here suggests deleuze is offering new metaphysics specifically for modern science, including disciplines not previously approached by c 141217 this is a great reading of deleuze, unique, literate, scientific, all in explication of concepts and specific terminology intensive science is reading of new ways, to generate lines of flight, to create concepts, on the plane of immanence if you understand that maybe the book says nothing new , but such is the potential of using the virtual de landa here suggests deleuze is offering new metaphysics specifically for modern science, including disciplines not previously approached by continental philosophyd deleuze tracks the development of natural sciences through western civilization from original embedding of Greek philosophy, particularly Plato and Aristotle, the great ontological real necessary for science, first in the realm of transcendent ideals essences then immanent identity typology , which works for a while but now must be seen against inexhaustible possibility of virtual philosophy this book investigates virtual in space, virtual in time, virtual in physics granted, my knowledge of such is very limited amateur, but the work is fascinating, however it might annoy professionals in these fieldsd argues against this ideological distinction of any essences , showing that rather than inherent or immanent these are approximations, homogenous, deciding which problems to solve according to possibility of answers , where d isinterested in formulating the right questions problems though this has a lot to do with math and i am not very up even on memories of math it seems d thinks of his work as empirical and realist and argues that this is the way to create, produce, determine, an ontology that furthers the scientific project he argues that sciences offer probabilities rather than laws , he argues that science is noa real totality than any abstraction then d talks about science in virtual vs art, philosophy. such as country , class d believes that there is an inverse relationship between accuracy and homogeneity of metric , that is measured knowledge of any scientific concept, that theidentity difference the less clear role repetition or something like that no matter what choices, disciplines, sub genre, particularly in math, are home to scientific laws d is maybe hard to read, fun for me anyway, and de landa adds a useful sort of glossary of terms as they are used defined in d s various texts, which i had mistakenly thought were separate concepts, are actually slightly different emphasis of same concepts i have been absorbed in learningabout the virtual and while this project is ongoing, this book may not have answered but has helped pose the questions better, and at least i feel i am headed in the right direction then again, maybe i am just confused on a higher plane


  3. Wayne Brooks Wayne Brooks says:

    Delanda explicates Deleuze s philosophy of multiplicity well in the first three chapters as it relates to science, except for Chapter 2 where he says These would be in a nutshell, the three ontological dimensions which constitute the Deluzian world the virtual, the intensive and the actual p 55 As no Deleuzian would ever make such a claim, we can clearly see here Delanda s imposed metaphysics And he clearly rejects Deleuze s philosophy as applied to the socio linguistic domain in Chapter Delanda explicates Deleuze s philosophy of multiplicity well in the first three chapters as it relates to science, except for Chapter 2 where he says These would be in a nutshell, the three ontological dimensions which constitute the Deluzian world the virtual, the intensive and the actual p 55 As no Deleuzian would ever make such a claim, we can clearly see here Delanda s imposed metaphysics And he clearly rejects Deleuze s philosophy as applied to the socio linguistic domain in Chapter 4 Deleuze Lite Chapter 4, Virtuality and the Laws of PhysicsDelanda reconstructs Deleuze for a scientific audience, but then bifurcates virtual science from virtual philosophy according to his proclaimed flat ontology of individuals well defined as non hierachical by Delanda , but which ontologically flattens a fully Deleuzian intensive philosophy of multiplicity which includes socio linguistic aspects of reality After taking us through three masterful chapters of Deleuzian philosophy applied to science, Delanda declares at the beginning of Chapter Four There is no room for reified totalitiesno room for entities like society or culture Delanda 2002 147 In so doing he decapitates Deleuze and Guattari s DG sociological critique of the historically reified totalities of both Freudian psychoanalysis and Marxian economics He also denies the alloplastic richness of Anti Oedipus AO and A Thousand Plateaus ATP.How does Delanda s cogent expositon of Deleuze s multiplicity in the scientific world so completely reject the multiplicity of Deluze s philosophical project We have a clue where Delanda states 1 Unlike spatio temporal dynamisms, the terms passive self and larval subject received very little elaboration in my reconstruction, mostly because I wanted to keep the description of Deleuze s ontology free from anthropocentrism as possible p 202 Delanda here is reacting to the potentially anthropocentic philosophy in Difference and Repetition DR and completely rejects thecomprehensive philosophy of multiplicity of ATP.Delanda is understandably concerned about the anthropological emphasis in Deleuze s three syntheses of time in Difference and Repetition, which also has a parallel in the three syntheses of space The Deleuzian cogito requires that the I that thinks be placed in time as the passive I Deleuze rejects the Kantian cogito which grounds determinability not only in time but in thinking, which is secondary and illusory Time signifies a fault or a fracture in the I and a passivity in the self and the correlation between the passive self and the fractured I constitutes the discovery of the transcendental or the element of the true Copernican revolution Deleuze 1980 86 Deleluze exposes the I that is fractured based on the passive receptivity of the self, rather than covering it up as does Kant with the synthetic apriori activity of the transcendental unity of apperception TUA Deleuze now searches for the condition of this wider existence what makes the undetermined ground the fractured I, the passive self of a well determined given time determinable There is a dialectic interplay between the condition of a passive self with sensations and concepts and the given objects in time which Kant tries to cut off by appeal to the pure apriori given, which are thereby separated from concepts and sensations Deleuze includes sensations and concepts in his cogito for which he must find the necessary conditions for particular sensations or concepts which is the basis for his third synthesis of time where the I dissolves in the virtual failure of the third synthesis.Delanda identifies his fundamental divide with Deleuze The term intensive which in my presentation was used in relation to individuation processes, not the virtual continuum, p 199 This philosophical divide for Delanda requires a reconstruction in order to eliminate the confusion between the intensive virtual and his falsely individuated actual which thereby flattens his ontology in comparison to Deleuze Therefore all references to the individual are flattened by this exclusion of the virtual, of intensities, and lacks a robust philosophy of multiplicity.As we have seen above Delanda does well to identify the problematic of the anthropocentric concept of time However, he goes on to say, Unlike my reconstruction where the term individual refers to the final product organisms, species, etc , in Deleuze s work it refers to the larval subject themselves It often has the meaning of a Leibnizian monad Delanda 2002 202 Delanda refers to Deleuze s robust larval selves as a Leibnizian monad which Delanda calls an intensive individual in contrast to the Delanda cogito of the individual Delanda defines the individual as without qualification to refer to the extended and qualified actual entities which form my flat ontology of individuals Delanda 2002 203 Then, under a section entitled Extensities and qualities, Delanda says These are the two characteristics which define the realm of the actual, the fully constituted world of extended and qualified individuals Contradicting this focus on the actual he says, In ATP these two characteristics are referred to as substances and forms respectivelyGiven that no actual substance is every purely extensional, these two characteristics are not really distinct They are the abstract components of every articulation Delanda 2002 203 Deleuze 1980 502 Consequently, Delanda opens the final chapter as stated above with his strong claim of a flat ontology of individuals where he has no room for reified totalities but only for concrete social individuals with the same ontological status as human individuals, simply operating at larger spatio temporal scales, products of concrete historical processes and operating as parts to a whole sic Where there are cases of homogeneity to suggest the existence of a single culture or society, one must not postulate such totalities, but must be given a concrete historical explanation Delanda 2002 147 Delanda thus becomes reductionistic of not only individuals, and society, but also of science by cutting off the second articulation of expression, of the virtual and of philosophy itself In his attempt to avoid false totalization, he states that science is a scientific field, like any other individual which will depend on contingent historical facts such as its degree of internal homogeneity and its degree of isolation from other fields Delanda 2002 148 Delanda thus additionally reifies history while conflating under the category of individual, the alloplastic of human individuals, social individuals, and culture It was precisely Deleuze s project to provide acomprehensive integration of the physical, organic and social in ATP and to bridge this gap of Delanda s flatened ontology Delanda goes on to state, The ontology I have developed in this book is fully historical Each of the individuals which populates this other world is a product of a definite historical process of individuation and, to the extent that an individual s identity is defined by its emergent properties and that these properties depend on the continuing causal interactions among an individual s parts, each individual is itself a historical causal process Delanda 2002 183 4 Delanda gets very Cartesian in his use of the historical, bifurcating the actual from the virtual.Moreover, in the introduction Delanda 2002 xv Delanda tells us that in Chapter Four he is actually trying to eliminate the erroneous assumption of a closed worldand devalue the very idea of truth But then he again confabulates his problematic epistemology by capturing an objective distribution of the important and the unimportant, ormathematically, of the singular and the ordinaryan objectivity of physical knowledge, an objectivity now captured by distributions of the singular and the ordinary Delanda 2002 xv Delanda grants that there is muchto Deleuze s books than just an ontology of processes and an epistemology of problem, and that there is a certain violence which Deleuze s texts must endure in order to be reconstructed for an audience they were not intended for A different kind of violence is involved in wrenching his ideas from his collaboration with Felix Guattari, stating that he intentionally goes back to Deleuze s early texts such as DR for his ontology Delanda also completely eliminates Deleuze s use of content and expression, which combined with form and substance to define the full ontology of double articulation in ATP, rather than Delanda s articulation which he also flatly carries into A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History Deleuzes s ontology in ATP is that each movement of a strata of reality consists of the first articulation movement , of both physical conjunction and symbolization coding , of both substance and form, both parts segmentarity and multiplicity, the firstquantal intensity and merely ordered, the secondrigid, atomic and organised Unfortunately Delanda comes nowhere near this capacity for the philosophy, although he does for science as multiplicity what he refused to do for philosophyDelanda says Every stratum needs a double articulation, a double play of substances and forms, of extensities and qualities, one at the level of molecular populations and another at the level of molar aggregates Delanda 2002 206 DG say The first articulation chooses or deducts, from unstable particle flows, metastable molecular or quasi molecular units substances upon which it imposes a statistical order of connections and successions forms The second articulation establishes functional, compact, stable structures forms , and constructs the molar compounds in which structures are simultaneously actualised substances Deleuze and Guattari 1980 40 1 Content is formed matter consisting of 1 substance as chosen matter and 2 form as matter chosen in a certain order a substance itself and b form of content of matter Expression is about how structures function as 1 organization of their own specific form and 2 substances as they form compounds 1 form as organization and 2 content of expression of compounds Deleuze and Guattari 1980 43 There is an alloplastic grouping of strata rather than autoplastic that only makes changes within which make modifications in the external world through a new distribution of content and expression Alloplastic layers work with linguistic rather than genetic forms of expression, including symbols that are comprehensible, transmittable and modifiable from outside This is the layer of a new distribution of properties, the human technology and language, tool and symbol, gesture and speech Deleuze and Guattari 1980 60 The organization of content and expression consists of both technological content and semiotic symbolic expression Content and expression both contain existing aspects of hand tools and face language as well as preexistant formations Content is not simply hand and tools, but a technical social process preexisting them as states of force or formations of power Deleuze and Guattari 1980 63 Language Expression is not merely a face or a language, but a semiotic collective process that preexsts them and constitutes regimes of signs Deleuze and Guattari 1980 63 Therefore a formation of power is much greater than a tool, and a regime of signs is muchthan a language they are determining and selective agents as much in the constitution of languages and tools as in their usages or diffusions.Unfortunately Delanda could not stay philosophically consistent with his own observation The Deluzian ontologyis a universe of becoming without beingwhere individual beings do exist but only as the outcome of becomings Delanda 2002 99 Double articulation is therefore not merely an integration individuation of the virtual and the actual, but also of substance and form, expression and content


  4. Eric Smith Eric Smith says:

    I am a simple man, and I prefer my philosophy straightforward and Anglo Saxon With its bewildering array of terminology, this exhibits the worst excesses of Continental philosophy, intendedto obfuscate than to elucidate The basic programme of the book, to provide a replacement for essentialism, seems to be solving a problem which isn t, and the proposed solution is neither clear nor convincing.I found de Landa s habit of cherry picking examples from other disciplines to be particularly a I am a simple man, and I prefer my philosophy straightforward and Anglo Saxon With its bewildering array of terminology, this exhibits the worst excesses of Continental philosophy, intendedto obfuscate than to elucidate The basic programme of the book, to provide a replacement for essentialism, seems to be solving a problem which isn t, and the proposed solution is neither clear nor convincing.I found de Landa s habit of cherry picking examples from other disciplines to be particularly annoying disingenuous at best, misleading at worst I wonder if an embryologist or a physicist or a mathematician would feel that de Landa had accurately represented the work in their discipline, or whether he is just throwing out examples in an attempt to add some credibility to his specious argumentation.If metaphysics is nonsense, then this is as nonsensical as it gets


  5. Kane Faucher Kane Faucher says:

    Rather than going back to worship at the temple of Deleuze, DeLanda s polymathic interdisciplinary approach pushes well beyond the comfort zones of orthodox Deleuzianism although I recognize the oxymoron of orthodox and Deleuze.


  6. Richard Smyth Richard Smyth says:

    I absolutely loved this book, which helped me understand the quite difficult philosophy of Deleuze Guattari Delanda draws from a variety of scientific and mathematical fields in the process of explaining their work I absolutely loved this book, which helped me understand the quite difficult philosophy of Deleuze Guattari Delanda draws from a variety of scientific and mathematical fields in the process of explaining their work


  7. Al Matthews Al Matthews says:

    More thesis avoidance this is actually a useful book about vectors, and why math is interesting just to think about.Subtitle Songs of Mathematical Innocence, and Inexperience


  8. Max Max says:

    It s good and smart and whatever but I still think a realist reading of deleuze is the most buzzkilly thing ever


  9. Gracchus Babeuf Gracchus Babeuf says:

    The first chapter of this book is mandatory reading for understanding the mathematical concepts Deleuze uses.


  10. Michael G Michael G says:

    Shines and fades in proportion to De Landa s ability to make comprehensible the many scientific and mathematical theories that he purports to be Deleuze s influences.


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