History of the World PDF Ê History of PDF \

History of the World PDF Ê History of PDF \



10 thoughts on “History of the World

  1. WarpDrive WarpDrive says:

    This is a masterpiece highly recommended to anyone seriously interested in a good uality thoughtful insightful overview of human history This book manages to provide a surprisingly good level of detail while keeping a wide breath of analysis and encompassing the whole of historical development since prehistory up to contemporary times It should be kept as a reference not just read and probably it should be read at least twice to fully enjoy itIt is a real pity that there are a few mostly editorial choices that I personally found uite uestionable first the maps are so small as to be rendered virtually unreadable – and they are not always relevant nor helpful an unforgivable error on the part of the publisher Lack of timelines and suggested readings are also uite frustrating I personally think that timelines would have been extremely valuable for a book of such breadth and ambition and I am very disappointed by the fact that there are none providedApart from the issues mentioned above it is nonetheless an amazingly engrossing and rewarding read so I am giving it 5 stars


  2. Jlawrence Jlawrence says:

    Good lord I finally finished this book I think there were at least two periods where I put this one down and did not pick it up again for six months or so So while Roberts does his best to give shape and clarity to an immense amount of information it is not the most gripping read although with the broad strokes necessary for a work like this I doubt anyone could concoct scintillating proseContent wise there are two important weaknesses of the book First while it is titled 'History of the World' European history is delved into thoroughly than anything else However in the preface Roberts is upfront about this focus and his reasons for it mainly the disproportionate role Europe played in shaping world history especially of the last 500 years so you know what you're getting into Also despite the European emphasis I still learned a great deal of non European history here though this may say about the huge gaps in my historical knowledge than it does about the book's non European coverageSecond there is not a single reference to any of the source material used To write a book of this scope you must stand on the shoulders of literally hundreds of secondary sources Now I understand that with a popular history work of this length and breadth it would probably not work to have extensive footnotes littering every page but there easily could have been a simple 'major works referenced' list for each chapter At the very least there could have been a 'suggested further reading' list at the end of the book There is zilch It is somewhat troubling to not know what sources Roberts chose frustrating not to have at hand leads to follow for subjects that were particularly interesting and just plain unacceptable for there to be no credit given to all the previous works he pulled from After reading 'Past Imperfect' last year I've become especially sensitive to thisThe greatest strength of the book is that instead of simply relating facts and framing historical narratives Roberts is constantly contemplating the greater significance of this or that society's or individual's successes and failures Most of the time he does this in a way that's not too heavy handed and invites you to think about the history you're reading instead of just passively absorb it occasionally you can feel like you're being hit over the head with a favorite idea though Roberts did a fantastic job in that respectOverall useful for trying to get a broad grasp of world history if you can deal with the caveats mentioned above and if you're ready for a long haul


  3. Snehal Bhagat Snehal Bhagat says:

    In one of the classic classroom uiz themed Calvin and Hobbes strips our hero reflects on career choicesJ M Roberts was a big picture person And this is a big picture book but even though it is an all encompassing chronicle that traces every major development of historical significance beginning with our prosimian ancestors through to the early years of the 21st century it is no meaningless clutter of facts and figures; Roberts brings his erudition to bear on these to identify within them the major historical processes of our past Structurally the book is divided into broad sections which illustrate these processes Pre historyFirst Civilizations Mesopotamia Egypt East AsiaClassical Mediterranean Greece Rome Jewry ChristianityThe Age of Diverging Traditions Islam and Arab Empires Byzantium Europe India China and JapanThe Making of the European AgeThe Great AccelerationThe End of the Europeans' world WWI Ottoman Heritage WWII and The Latest Age All through the text is supplemented with a variety of maps and statistics pertinent to the era Within each section the unifying features and broader trends are identified and elaborated upon It is therefore a somewhat personal view of history but only in the ordering of events in terms of their relative importance and the objectivity of the narration rarely suffers Nor does the author make any artificial distinction between 'history' and 'sociology'; the roles of religion polity and science in contributing to the periods and events that shaped our societies are highlighted and we get a rather fascinating account of their interplay and of their waxing and waning influences on society throughout history We get a glimpse into their contribution towards the aggregation of capital and labor for the creation of 'leisure' and of economic surpluses over and above the needs of consumption that were so essential to the development of new ideas and inventions as well as the modification of social organization and the growth of population which has made ours the dominant species of the planet with such unprecedented capacity to alter its environmentDespite having to employ perforce rather broad strokes in the attempt to condense the shared experience of millions of lives into a few pages of history Dr Roberts manages to intersperse the account with enough whimsy to keep the narrative interesting So there's trivia The 'War of Jenkins' Ear' of 1739 started literally due to the organ produced in pickle by its owner in the House of Commons whose sensitive patriotism was inflamed and outraged to hear of the alleged mutilation by Spanish coastguard insight The undermining of the authority of scripture remains the most obvious single way in which science affected formulated beliefs by 1914 radio messages could be sent across the Atlantic flying machines which did not rely upon support by bags of gas of lower density than air were common aspirins were easily available and an American manufacturer was selling the first cheap mass produced automobile The growing power and scope of science was by no means adeuately represented by such facts but material advance of this sort impressed the average man and led him to worship at a new shrineThis was what made the nineteenth century the first in which science truly became an object of religion perhaps of idolatry humor Mistakenly liberalism and nationalism were usually supposed to be inseparablebefore 1848many confused the two; the most famous and admired of those who did so was Mazzini a young Italian By advocating an Italian unity most of his countrymen did not want and conspiring unsuccessfully to bring it about he became an inspiration and model for other nationalists and democrats in every continent for over a century and one of the first idols of radical chic and even poetic nostalgia We have now lost one of the most pleasant of industrial sights the long streaming plume of steam from the funnel of a locomotive at speed hanging for a few seconds behind it against a green landscape before disappearing scattered throughout the textPrevious reviews note that Europe's role in world history gets a lot of emphasis here but this need not be considered a drawback of the book; for history belongs to the victorious for they get to write it and it is true that the dominant ideas and techniues of our age are undoubtedly European in origin These are uncertain times If distance does indeed bring perspective then having dealt with the entire span of human history across space and time from a 21st century vantage point the author is in a uniue position to comment on the outlook for the future for humankind It is therefore rather telling when he says in the preface to this edition I now feel that my children will probably not live in so agreeable a world as I have known Indeed when judged by the standards of antiuity humanity has never had it better despite variations across regions every relevant socio economic indicator indicates betterment average life expectancy is higher and infant mortality rates lower than ever before average wealth has increased consistently and practical legal and personal freedoms and human rights are greater than ever before And yet the longevity of many of our current problems turmoil in the middle east poverty and gender ineuality in sub saharan Africa and many third world countries widening disparities between the well off and the poor increasing trends towards fanaticism radical nationalism and religious intolerance coupled with newer social economic environmental challenges remind us that though we have come far there is a long distance to cover stillResolving problems reuires that they be clearly understood and this book is as good a place as any to begin that process Politicians and policy makers everywhere should read this


  4. Stephen Stephen says:

    This title is a staple in the Barnes Noble history section as well as in the prominent warmly loved independent bookstores here and there I happen to know that because I circled the book for at least a couple of years before finally purchasing it Weighing in with 1180 pages of text supplemented by 57 pages of Index it seemed both too long and too short—too long because the project of reading it would take time that might be devoted to two or three other books that I looked forward to reading; too short because any useful history of human existence seemed to merit one of those ponderous three volume sets that in fact I would never readIn any event uite often when I visited bookstores I would sit down with the book and read short excerpts Then upon coming to Mexico I checked out a copy from the library and started it It soon became a apparent that I needed my own copy I purchased one and was off on a long adventureJM Roberts the British historian died in May 2003 after completing the fourth edition The first edition of The Penguin History of the World was published in 1976 He had a point of view as any historian worth his salt must At this point I am going to change to the present tense Having lived with this man's words and thoughts for some time now the man himself lives on for me This fifth edition first published in 2007 includes updates and further revision by Odd Arne Westad Professor Barrie sees modern history—occupying the period from 1500 to the present—as the global triumph of Western European culture He sees the years since World War II as marking at last the end of Western Europe's global hegemony Asia is stepping to the forefront of history as limits on the power of the United States have become and pronounced But it is an Asia that has now selectively embraced many of the cultural economic and political ideals of the Western Europe While the power of the Western Europe has waned the pervasive changes that European ideas have wrought in the rest of the world live onHe points out the trick bag in which non European civilizations found themselves when they faced the implacable incursions of European civilization around the world The only way to resist that successfully was to adopt European ways and European technology I mention this because of the relatively brief treatment afforded Latin America including Pre Columbian civilizations there and Africa for example Without having researched reviews of the book I suspect that Professor Roberts must have been criticized for ethnocentrism or Euro centrism through the years He makes no apologies for this and addresses the subject directly He is concerned with civilizations that changed world history While he never characterizes Latin American or African civilizations as inferior he simply holds that they did not have a wide impact in the world at largeThe global triumph of European culture in modern times may seem a rather banal stale even The gift of this book however is to provide a perspective whereby one is able to step out of one's own cultural milieu and consider how things might have been different and importantly how imperfect that triumph has been Also one begins to perceive how very new concepts such as nationhood capitalism liberal concepts of individual rights and liberty and other currently and widely received wisdom incorporate serious imperfections This received wisdom does not represent the end of game of human progress These concepts comprise only a temporary setting of ideas within which we live right now Nothing Asia for example has never embraced western concepts of individual liberty In that area which is now becoming the forefront of historical evolution the collective not the individual remains paramountIt can be a challenging book I personally found the accounts of the waxing and waning of various ancient civilizations in the Near East and in India to be taxing It is difficult to keep these peoples so alien to us straight in one's mind the hallmarks of each the contributions of each the depredations of each If that were to be the case with you I would recommend that you simply keep reading Drive on and do not be too concerned about thisThe reward for me personally was this With the background provided from all of human history when I came down to Professor Barrie's rendition of events in the last half of the Twentieth Century events that I as an older man now lived through—the perspective that the book afforded was immensely satisfying I have searched for some word suitable than “satisfying” and have failedLet me put it this way The Chinese Revolution; Zionism and the foundation of the state of Israel; Indian independence partition and ensuing events; the Korean War; the Suez Canal crisis; the Japanese post war economic renaissance; the Berlin Crisis; the Cuban missile crisis; the Vietnam War; the Cultural Revolution in China; the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan; the international maneuverings of the two sides in the Cold War; Solidarity in Poland; Prague Spring; the apparently sudden collapse of the Soviet Union; the fall of the Berlin Wall; Islamic radicalism; 911; the ensuing misadventures of the United States in Ira and Afghanistan; and a myriad other events of this sort previously formed a senseless cacophony in my memory Random human insanity This book has provided me with handholds with which I have begun—and only begun to gain a grasp on some context within which all of these events occurred For example I cannot tell you how helpful it is to consider the history of the Near and Middle East in the Twentieth Century within the framework of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire along with the background of that empire itself as it existed over centuries previously One begins to understand At this point in the end game of my life I am grateful to Professor Barrie for thatAt the same time Professor Barrie adamantly asserts that the competent historian never predicts the future by “extrapolation” or otherwise because he simply cannot Even in our age when change continues to accelerate certain trends speed up while others slow down in an entirely unpredictable fashion Therefore the book in no way purports to be a vehicle for traveling into the future Its focus is entirely on the past As that future unfolds during the lifetime left to me and itself becomes the past it would be wonderful if Professor Barrie were still around to complete further revisions of the book Still as nearly as I can tell Odd Arne Westad is carrying on fairly seamlessly in the spirit of the original author I wish him good health


  5. Carol Smith Carol Smith says:

    It Is Accomplished It took five months but I have finally finished this behemoth And I didn’t just read it; I studied it I took notes Assiduously It was a self imposed college courseHow does one review something one has lived with for half a year? The main uestion I suppose is whether or not the tome provided what I was seeking Different readers will have different goals For myself I was motivated by a feeling that – despite history being a steady lifelong component of my reading repertoire I still hadn’t developed a complete sense of the “scaffolding” of human history a full structural understanding that would allow me to know what “cubbyhole” to tuck new information into and that would help me understand how one historical development paralleled or drew from others My hope was that this book would provide me with that even if it might inevitably have some biases and limitations This it provided in spadesI wanted to walk away from the experience with a holistic understanding of History In order to do so I felt I should attempt to digest the entire book seuentially and in a relatively short period of time so that I wouldn’t forget the beginning parts by the time I hit modern times I initially hoped to complete it in 12 weeks but it took me twice that time For a book that focuses on broad strokes and big picture readers will find the pages to be uite dense There’s a lot of information to digest and I found it best done slowly with freuent consultation of other sources along the wayI found it incredibly helpful to take notes along the way noting years events and trends and highlighting in bold font events that particularly intrigue me I’ve now developed a second goal which is to spend 2013 revisiting human history again in time order but this time via carefully selected books that match major topics covered in the book but address them in greater depth and detail In this way I hope to reinforce and further develop my initial “scaffolding”One of the great pleasures of the book is identifying parallels to modern days albeit broad ones For example today just as then most conflict is ultimately about the ever increasing competition for natural resources One can also see the familiar pattern of decline and fall playing out over and over again When a nation stops expanding however they may be accomplishing it the tax revenues stagnate the military can't be supported and the bureaucracy grows complex leading to eventual disintegration It is happening now But it's not the end as most people think Something new always takes its place for better or for worseI picked up the fourth edition published in 2003 After Roberts' death Odd Arne Westad apparently took up the mantle publishing an updated fifth edition in 2007 but I didn’t catch this when ordering my copy A sixth edition is now slated for publication March 15 2013 I might pick it up just to see how the previous 10 years are handled as the 2003 text is already dated eg only one cursory mention of the InternetWhy four stars? First the maps are reprinted so small as to be rendered unreadable – an unforgivable error on the part of the publisher I understand that some earlier editions did not have this problem Roberts freuently employs odd circular phrasing that reuires multiple rereads of a sentence or paragraph He also writes in a way that can make it unclear what year he’s referring to – frustrating Lack of timelines sources footnotes and suggested readings are additional failings although understandable as they might reuire a separate volumeAnd finally although Roberts acknowledges and justifies his strong Western focus his approach left gaps in my understanding of world history The southern hemisphere may not have played as an active a role in shaping the trajectory of history to date but I still want to know about them This will be one focus of my 2013 reading selections


  6. Simon Mcleish Simon Mcleish says:

    Originally published on my blog here in May 2000At the end of the twentieth century there seems to be a vogue for celebrating the end of the second millennium AD with universal histories of the sort which had been rather out of fashion for some years This particular work appeared at the time when they were unfashionable the Pelican version being slightly updated from one printed by Hutchinson a few years earlier with many maps reduced in number for this edition to keep costs downJudging by what I have seen of these millennial histories The Pelican History of the World gains a great deal by not being sumptuously illustrated by not aiming to be the only history book ever bought by its readers to use in many cases this term looselyAnother virtue making it a history which gives a natural view of the past if not fitting it so well as a reference book is that Roberts has chosen deliberately as he points out in the conclusion to refrain from sorting events into specific time periods; each chapter deals with a particular aspect of the past and carries the story through to what seems to be a sensible point in relation to the subject of that chapter rather than to any chronological division arbitrarily imposed across the board This is of course a particular feature of many of the history books marketed around the idea of the Millennium most of which are divided by centuryThe value of books like this one to someone interested in history is to provide a wide context to areas of detailed knowledge I have for example a particular liking for medieval history and I would not turn to this book for a history of the medieval West but for information on other periods and areas particularly China and India Roberts provides interesting background He certainly has the ability to select and summarise even in the most recent periods covered Looking back from 2000 to the seventies you might expect to have a different idea of what was significant but the only obvious factor missing is any inkling of the economic problems which would eventually bring about the downfall of Soviet Communism Roberts even manages to point to a growing interest in environmental concerns


  7. Tim Tim says:

    Roberts is a master of the broad brush managing to make world history a page turner and 1200 pages seem like 300 or so Because the subject’s so large it always feels like you’re moving at high speed and observing from high above There’s little room for detail but that’s the nature of world history The beauty of it is that Roberts makes connections and observations of patterns and we’re able to do the same which wouldn’t be possible in a history of smaller scope with detail of course we need both One particularly valuable example is the context in which he places the American Revolution and subseuent US expansion At the time the revolution was a relatively small matter and Europe was focused on important things After the war Britain controlled the seas and also controlled the territory north of the new nation With a weak power Spain controlling much of the areas south and west and with France checked by Britain in North America the US was able to expand in an essentially invisible bubble of protection created by Britain It was in Britain’s interests to let this weak little English speaking upstart expand rather than allowing another European power to fill the relative void of North America it doesn’t make it right but one of the European powers would have done it if the US hadn’t A little deflating for our national mythology but isn’t that one of the purposes of history done well?


  8. Matty Lapointe-Smith Matty Lapointe-Smith says:

    This was probably the longest project I've ever undertaken It took me about 6 years to read a nearly 1200 page history of the world And while I've been bummed to miss my Goodreads yearly book count the entire time I don't know that I should feel bad about how long the process wasClearly written from a UK perspective; there were a lot us in words than I'm used to and also there were just a few descriptions of stuff I had previous knowledge of where I was like well that's a bit of a take I wouldn't call 100% impartial but not inaccurate There's things here and there that I did think really? that's all the attention that gets? But that was mostly things from the past 200 years and it's probably only my own personal bias that misses things not being discussed in the interest of covering things that were much important in the grand schemeThis book is an amazing feat And deserving of all the praise it's received I really do feel I have a better grasp on the history of humanity than I did beforeI've even kind of got it in my back pocket to read another edition years in the future like maybe 50 cause let's not go crazy this was an effort to accomplish just because I continue to be intrigued by the knowledge shared in it's pages Though when I come back it better be in digital form to provide links to further information on specifics and interactive maps And not be a damn 10 pound paperweightI'm proud of myself for sticking through the process Since I started the book I've gotten married moved twice lost 2 grandparents and changed jobs probably close to 10 times And that feels like just the right thing to give perspective Even though the book covers 20000 years of history part of me feels like maybe I could've completed it faster But 6 years isn't nothing in the scheme of a life I hope I took the appropriate time to process the story being told Because it's the story of all of usThis isn't the only thing I read during that time simply because I did need a break here and there from the itty bitty type and just the nature of a historic document I'm glad I paced myself like that I feel like I enjoyed this book all the because I took time away here and thereThis edition was published in 2007 Far enough from 911 to realize that the Ira wars were based on lies but not recent enough to even have a feel for how Afghanistan might turn out And certainly not anticipating the election of Barack Obama let alone Donald Trump And that's me putting it in a very localized national point of view But the book definitely makes no bones about the power America has over the rest of the world since the end of World War II And that's very evident in the last 200 ish pagesOn top of enjoying all the knowledge I acuired I really do love how the last few pages wrapped up this non fiction epic Regarding such a document it's a history written by historians and their job isn't to guess at the future but document the past And from that perspective even when it seems like the world is falling apart around us my interpretation not the authors what's important to recognize the progress we as a species HAVE made At this moment in time even the people in poverty are better off now than they would have been 100 200 years ago Technology has enabled us to live longer and better and continues to improve almost dailyThe most important change seems to be that now worldwide most people are aware of the idea that wherever you start there's the possibility that you might be able to improve your life Either through hard work or dumb luck or somewhere in between it's a possibility for anyone on this planet And that's not something many people were ever able to consider until very recently in the timeline of humanitySo while this book had to end where it did because of when it was published it acknowledges that the story is unfinished and that's probably the most exciting idea of all Look at all we've done the good and the bad since we've come into self awarenessI can't help but be excited about what comes next


  9. Bevan Lewis Bevan Lewis says:

    Anyone fascinated by world history will be delighted with the appearance of a new edition of John Robert's History of the World His ill health mentioned in the preface made it hard work and his recent death confirms his prophesy that this will be the final edition of this successful book Overall Roberts provides a great summation of world history supplying a sweeping overview with perceptive insights and avoiding the temptation to become enmeshed in encyclopedic detail The themes he follows those of change and continuity the impetus of history and the relationship between tradition and innovation in human history are well chosen and help to find a context for this daunting subject Additionally he makes relevant the weight of the past to present events including a very good job of bringing the book right up to date with post 911 events His overall perspective on history has changed surprisingly little over the years perhaps because one of his basic philosophies is durable; the two phenomena of inertia and innovation continue to operate in all historical developments we shall always find what happens both and less surprising than we expect Sounds like a bet both ways however thinking about recent events it is uite plausableThe book it is freely acknowledged by Roberts comes from a white middle class western perspecive however every edition finds him attempting to balance his global coverage further as well as expanding the text to include on gender issues and the environment The thinness of material on non Western cultures such as Africa and Latin America is related to knowledge than bias He certainly has always argued strongly for the European Age since the age of exploration and I think he tends to overemphasise its influence on the world's population as a whole important as it was A little material on imperialism from the subjects perspective might have helped although don't get the impression that the book is a whitewashHis prose is enjoyable although his sentance structure could be improved at times and the book provides a servicable set of mapsAnyone who reads this book will certainly gain a comprehensive and valuable overview of the forces of the past that manifestly continue to shape the world today and a fine insight into the way human societies and cultures work


  10. Gareth Rowlands Gareth Rowlands says:

    Sorry to say this is one of the worst books of history I've ever readI failed to finish it which is a big deal for me as I normally plow on regardless After Tamerlane comes to mind However I gave up in contempt at his oh so partisan account of the near East in pre Christian times Having all but dismissed out of hand the importance and relevance of religion in ancient Egypt and the fertile crescent he then goes on to treat the biblical accounts of Moses Saul David and Solomon as well gospel Of course we all bring our biases to everything we do this review is proof of that but to spout part of the Christian cannon's literary texts as actual history after dismissing other texts as untrustworthy historical guides seems a little too rich for my tastesI knew he was a conservative but this is plain obnoxious As a model for how not to write a book; for taking one's own world view as a certainty and not admitting of the validity of any other point of view except as condescension this work is a testament to wrong minded Euro centricism at its worst


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History of the World [Ebook] ➧ History of the World By J.M. Roberts – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk From humanity’s origins on the African Savannah to the state of the world after September 11 2001 The New Penguin History of the World offers a magisterial sweep through time and history Completely From humanity’s origins on the African Savannah to the state of the world after September The New Penguin History of the World offers a magisterial sweep through time and history Completely updated and revised by preeminent historian J History of PDF \ M Roberts this volume features ninety up to date maps new sections and extremely well written and accessible articles throughout Truly global and comprehensive it succeeds in conveying the staggering diversity of the human experience across a vast range of climates and conditions This is the one book for anyone interested in the variety and grandeur of history’s march.