Darwin's Armada: Four Voyages and the Battle for the

Darwin's Armada: Four Voyages and the Battle for the

Darwin's Armada: Four Voyages and the Battle for the Theory of Evolution [Ebook] ➠ Darwin's Armada: Four Voyages and the Battle for the Theory of Evolution Author Iain McCalman – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk Sparkling an extraordinary true adventure story, complete with trials, tribulations and moments of exultation Kirkus Reviews, starred reviewAward winning cultural historian Iain McCalman tells the sto Four Voyages MOBI ☆ Sparkling an extraordinary true adventure story, complete with trials, tribulations and moments of exultation Kirkus Reviews, starred reviewAward winning cultural historian Iain McCalman tells the stories of Charles Darwin and his staunchest supporters Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley, and Alfred Wallace Beginning with the somber morning of April ,the day of Darwin s funeral Darwin s Armada steps back and recounts the lives and scientific discoveries of Darwin's Armada: PDF/EPUB or each of these explorers, who campaigned passionately in the war of ideas over evolution and advanced the scope of Darwin s work.


10 thoughts on “Darwin's Armada: Four Voyages and the Battle for the Theory of Evolution

  1. Maria Maria says:

    Darwin s Armada, is a marvelous narrative of the lives of four men Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, Joseph Hooker and Alfred Wallace.Iain McCalman offers not an insight or analysis of the theory of evolution per se, but instead he gives us the fascinating history behind these great pioneer scientists in which you will delight yourself with exciting vivid experiences during their voyages, their struggles, their emotions and feelings as well as the invaluable friendship that eventually formed among Darwin s Armada, is a marvelous narrative of the lives of four men Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, Joseph Hooker and Alfred Wallace.Iain McCalman offers not an insight or analysis of the theory of evolution per se, but instead he gives us the fascinating history behind these great pioneer scientists in which you will delight yourself with exciting vivid experiences during their voyages, their struggles, their emotions and feelings as well as the invaluable friendship that eventually formed among all of them on their adventure that led them to what is now the central dogma of biology the Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin, the man behind the Origin of Species, The Descent of Man and Voyage of the Beagle among others, continues to be an inspiration of so many scientists, including myself Darwin revolutionized our view of man and, without intending to, challenged the Intelligent Design of Creationists defying faith through reason and observation with a simple and elegant theory of natural selection There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved Thomas Huxley, a biologist, paleontologist and a social philosopher was at the beginning skeptical of Origins but afterwards became one of the strongest supporters standing up for his friend whenever he couldn t attend a debate he later became known as Darwin s bulldog Huxley was also was strongly against black slavery and subordination of woman His personality was very amusing and enjoyable to read In response to Richard Owen at the Oxford debate, where Huxley was asked whether it was though his grandmother s or grandfather s side that he was related to an ape, he said I rather have a miserable ape for a grandfather than a man possessed of great means of influence yet employs. that influence for the mere purpose of introducing ridicule into a great scientific discussion. I would rather be an ape than a bishop Joseph Hooker, a botanist and biogeographer, was another of Darwin s warrior an loyal friend Knowing of Wallace work, Hooker came in support to help Darwin win the race to publish and take full credit of his theory before Wallace Was this the result of a real friend or a high class conspiracy against the work of Wallace You can find a wide array of opinions on this matter in many different biographies.Finally, Alfred Wallace, the shy lower class cutout naturalist without the influence or the name prestige of someone as Darwin or his friends I admit not to have been fully familiar with Alfred Wallace contribution on the theory, except knowing that he wrote a paper around the same time as Darwin did Anyways, I ended up having an enormous admiration for his persona, his intellect and passion on his work as a naturalist and the humility and respect with which he accepted and replied to Darwin when finding out that he was not the first one to come up with the idea on natural selection Wallace was very proud to call himself Darwin s knight I think Darwin s Armada was beautiful and very pleasant to read throughout the entire book and made me have greater respect and admiration of the work behind these men It is one of those books, that your interest increases along with your reading, it captivates you If you are an admirer of Darwin, Wallace and the Theory of Evolutionthis is a book you don t want to miss It is a simple, well written and an elegant narrative denoting an impressive research by the author on each one of these great men with a unique perspective and about friendship Darwin said A mans friendships are one of the best measures of his worth Definitely, I will enjoy reading Darwin s Armada and about these X ers again The love for all living creatures is the most noble attribute of man Charles Darwin


  2. Ana Ana says:

    I am always in for the ride with books about early 19th Century scientists, whether it s the dinosaur hunters or the batshit crazy naturalists who went on 5 year long voyages documenting penguins and drying plants Which the four men in this book are Thoroughly enjoyable read, feels like a thriller at points, detailing the lives, voyages and subsequent publications and debates of Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, Alfred Wallace and Joseph Hooker, the last three being his most trusted friends, thos I am always in for the ride with books about early 19th Century scientists, whether it s the dinosaur hunters or the batshit crazy naturalists who went on 5 year long voyages documenting penguins and drying plants Which the four men in this book are Thoroughly enjoyable read, feels like a thriller at points, detailing the lives, voyages and subsequent publications and debates of Charles Darwin, Thomas Huxley, Alfred Wallace and Joseph Hooker, the last three being his most trusted friends, those who carried Darwin s coffin at his burial in Westminster Abbey There is something very romantic in their scientific endeavors, and something deeply touching about how their imaginations were sparked when they were children by reading books written by the grandest explorers navigators Would recommend to anyone interested in the history of science, as well as how the theory of evolution was built in their minds by their refusal to accept doctrine, and unwavering dedication to the scientific method


  3. Laura HP Laura HP says:

    This book covers the voyages of four great naturalists Charles Darwin, Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley and Alfred Russell Wallace The book demonstrates how their travel experiences and backgrounds all tied together in the ensuing battle over Darwin s ideas in the Origin of Species all of them were fierce defenders of the book It is an eminently readable book a page turner Each of their stories is gripping in its own way, and the book does an excellent job of getting you invested in their li This book covers the voyages of four great naturalists Charles Darwin, Joseph Hooker, Thomas Huxley and Alfred Russell Wallace The book demonstrates how their travel experiences and backgrounds all tied together in the ensuing battle over Darwin s ideas in the Origin of Species all of them were fierce defenders of the book It is an eminently readable book a page turner Each of their stories is gripping in its own way, and the book does an excellent job of getting you invested in their lives In the author s descriptions, each of these giants of science feel very human and very relatable I knew the basics of each one s story but I learned an enormous amount from this book and am intrigued to learnabout each man especially Huxley What a character One serious flaw of the book is that it is written from a very white perspective the men all traveled to areas with indigenous populations, and their opinions on those populations are relayed without any context It is not 1845 any if you re going to list a white Victorian s naturalist s prejudiced quotes about Polynesian society, you should also print the perspective of a Polynesian observer, or at least provide context on what the naturalist got wrong which is a lot The book also describes a prominent figure as a rich slave owner and humane and generous in the same sentence, without any further context And while I know it wasn t the focus of the book, the glancing reference to the warped use of Darwinism for racism in the epilogue seems like a missed opportunity One redeeming aspect was the author s narration of Wallace and Huxley against the racist Anthropologicals in the epilogue The rest of the book is very well written and extremely interesting, and the science is handled in an understandable manner even for non scientists The thesis is well laid out and the author demonstrates very well how their voyage experiences influenced each naturalist s thoughts and opinions on evolution It also handles the controversial aspects of Wallace and Darwin s independent ideas on natural selection quite well, laying out the various arguments fairly although the author is clearly a Darwin fan though to be fair so was Wallace Overall, I really enjoyed this book or at least 90% of it


  4. Marian Willeke Marian Willeke says:

    The poignant experiences of the four natural historians who brought about the publication and battle for evolution in Victorian science is the crux of the book, ending with how the four met and the intertwining of their lives through to their successful ends The key elements for me were the political maneuverings of presenting evolution to the scientific community as well as the climax of Darwin s late publication against Wallace s insights to the central theory of evolution that threatened Dar The poignant experiences of the four natural historians who brought about the publication and battle for evolution in Victorian science is the crux of the book, ending with how the four met and the intertwining of their lives through to their successful ends The key elements for me were the political maneuverings of presenting evolution to the scientific community as well as the climax of Darwin s late publication against Wallace s insights to the central theory of evolution that threatened Darwin s own pioneering work While Darwin simply should have published earlier, in my mind, he was trapped in the belief to need scientific perfection Wallace was a catalyst to get Darwin back into writing form The book had incredible human insights to these giants of science Their strengths, vices, fears, and passions were amazing to read, and their raw dedication through 19th century travel to the unknown was fantastic This was a well researched work with 20 40 footnotes per chapters that were primary resources My one constant wish as I read was a visual timeline of who was discovering what, especially given the overlap


  5. Jim Dellit Jim Dellit says:

    I liked this book very much it was a gift perfectly matched to my reading preference and current interests The Armada metaphor works well to capture both the influence of the sea journeying of the four main scientist protagonists Darwin, Hooker, Huxley and the heroic Wallace , as well as their co joined war on the science deniers of their day It is pertinent to be reminded of how young these scientists were in their early 20 s when they adventured into unknown environments and privatio I liked this book very much it was a gift perfectly matched to my reading preference and current interests The Armada metaphor works well to capture both the influence of the sea journeying of the four main scientist protagonists Darwin, Hooker, Huxley and the heroic Wallace , as well as their co joined war on the science deniers of their day It is pertinent to be reminded of how young these scientists were in their early 20 s when they adventured into unknown environments and privations They formulated their science in this period of youth and refined and systematised it in their 30s, fought its naysayers in their mature years Their histories and relationships are recounted and analysed by Iain McCalman in easily absorbable ways and his analysis has contemporary purposes Great


  6. Pablo Flores Pablo Flores says:

    I really liked how the stories of these men Darwin, Hooker, Huxley, Wallace were told in this book Most of it is basically the biographies of four men, each younger than the previous one Although these contain many details of their everyday life, each one is mainly a story of travel and exploration in the South Seas or the tropics These travels come to their end as the four members of the Armada join, back in Britain, to discuss and defend the theory of evolution and to ascend in the este I really liked how the stories of these men Darwin, Hooker, Huxley, Wallace were told in this book Most of it is basically the biographies of four men, each younger than the previous one Although these contain many details of their everyday life, each one is mainly a story of travel and exploration in the South Seas or the tropics These travels come to their end as the four members of the Armada join, back in Britain, to discuss and defend the theory of evolution and to ascend in the esteem and recognition of the scientific and political establishment which some finddifficult than the others I d read quite a lot about Charles Darwin, rather less about the other three, but even with regards to the father of evolution I was delighted to find many new facts in this book The stories of the other three will, I m sure, move and delight manyreaders


  7. Jenny Jenny says:

    I am fascinated by Darwin s life


  8. Stan Stan says:

    slow read for me well written, interesting look at science in the 19th century.


  9. Christine Christine says:

    An excellent story well written, with convincing portraits of many characters, and simultaneously detailed and well paced The story of Darwin s and other scientist s explorations, disappointments, and real world struggles in the hierarchical world of Victorian England was really compelling and made their achievements all theimpressive because of the context The scientists other than Darwin are not household names, but the book described their significant work and how all of the parts c An excellent story well written, with convincing portraits of many characters, and simultaneously detailed and well paced The story of Darwin s and other scientist s explorations, disappointments, and real world struggles in the hierarchical world of Victorian England was really compelling and made their achievements all theimpressive because of the context The scientists other than Darwin are not household names, but the book described their significant work and how all of the parts contributed to the whole the profound change in influence and credibility between traditional theories of species origin and the theory we all know as survival of the fittest Definitely worth a read if you like history, history of science, biology, zoology, botany, or just a really good true story


  10. Cassandra Kay Silva Cassandra Kay Silva says:

    I loved this book Biography in general is so hit an miss in my experience It is so hard to get a writer to bring in an emotional tug while sticking to facts and I really felt this author pulled this off I had a bit of a hard time with the first half as the characters skipped around and it took some time to build the connections but by the second half he really hits you with the emotional ties of these men, and the scope of the work they were trying to achieve I gained a huge appreciation for I loved this book Biography in general is so hit an miss in my experience It is so hard to get a writer to bring in an emotional tug while sticking to facts and I really felt this author pulled this off I had a bit of a hard time with the first half as the characters skipped around and it took some time to build the connections but by the second half he really hits you with the emotional ties of these men, and the scope of the work they were trying to achieve I gained a huge appreciation for Wallace and his work in this area, that was I thought evenly unbiased I absolutely recommend this one for anyone looking for a multifaceted biography with an interest in scientific discovery and exploration


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