The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 -

The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 -


The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 - 1999 [Download] ➵ The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 - 1999 By Misha Glenny – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk This unique and lively history of Balkan geopolitics since the early nineteenth century gives readers the essential historical background to recent events in this war torn area No other book covers th This unique and lively history Nationalism, War PDF ↠ of Balkan geopolitics since the early nineteenth century gives readers the essential historical background to recent events in this war torn area No other book covers the entire region, or offers such profound insights into the roots of Balkan violence, or explains so vividly the origins of modern Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, and Albania Misha Glenny presents a lucid and fair minded account of each national group The Balkans: ePUB Ò in the Balkans and its struggle for statehood The narrative is studded with sharply observed portraits of kings, guerrillas, bandits, generals, and politicians Glenny also explores the often catastrophic relationship between the Balkans and the Great Powers, raising some disturbing questions about Western intervention.


10 thoughts on “The Balkans: Nationalism, War and the Great Powers 1804 - 1999

  1. Katia N Katia N says:

    Nation is a group of people united by a mistaken view about their past and hatred of their neighboursKarl Deutsch wrote in Nationalism and its alternatives which is out of print, symptomatically of our times This quotation was constantly in my mind when i was reading The Balkans It is about 2 centuries of so called nation building, myths and misconceptions, realpolitiks and enormous bloodbath it has created This is an informative introductory history of the Balkans As well as formerNation is a group of people united by a mistaken view about their past and hatred of their neighboursKarl Deutsch wrote in Nationalism and its alternatives which is out of print, symptomatically of our times This quotation was constantly in my mind when i was reading The Balkans It is about 2 centuries of so called nation building, myths and misconceptions, realpolitiks and enormous bloodbath it has created This is an informative introductory history of the Balkans As well as former Yugoslavia, it includes Greece, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania, as well as the relevant information about the Ottoman empire I was not very familiar with the history of Bulgaria and Romania This book was quite instrumental in covering this gap For me, those countries were always satellites of Russia totally wrong misconception on my part and very far from the truth So for me this book was full of discoveries I did not know, that Bulgaria has managed to save the majority of its Jews from Holocaust, in spite of being in alliance with the Nazi Germany.It was also interesting to find out about the formation of the Greek state Though the book is a bit sketchy on details Albania is another country about which one hardly hear on the news There is a brief outline about its history in the book I was better familiar with the history of ex Yugoslavia And my edition of this book ends in 1999 So i found it a bit less revelatory, but still useful for the outline of the events there All these 200 years or so are pretty gruesome But two episodes stood out for me even on that beak background The first is the invasion of Asia Manor by the Greeks in 1921 and subsequent killing of Muslims by them The second part of this awful story is better known the Fire of Smirna and the population exchange But the fact that the Greeks were actually initiating massacres straight after the invasion before 1923 is less well known The most hard for me to grasp was the Second World War I could not readthat a page or two at a time And it is not because Himmler was determined to reduce the psychological suffering which mass murder inflicted on his executioners by contemplating the final solution This is the horror in its pure form But what was also shocking in that war the Croatians were killing the Serbs the Serbs were killing Muslims and the Croatians And all this madness was justified by nations idea Of course it has all got repeated in the 90s.Shocking and sad


  2. Larry Loftis Larry Loftis says:

    This is an excellent scholarly work, and one that I m using as a reference for my next book It s tedious, as most scholarly works are, but if you want to sink your teeth into the history of the Balkans particularly Yugoslavia , this is your book.


  3. Igor Ljubuncic Igor Ljubuncic says:

    This is an awesome book.Rich, complex, compelling, written with great style and attention to detail.The main purpose of the book is to answer the question why so much trouble in the Balkans And at the end of it, while the answer is simple to understand, it s not so easy to explain.In essence, the southeast part of Europe has been the source of serious national and ethnic strife for the past 200 years It boils down to two main reasons the constant interference by big powers due to the region s This is an awesome book.Rich, complex, compelling, written with great style and attention to detail.The main purpose of the book is to answer the question why so much trouble in the Balkans And at the end of it, while the answer is simple to understand, it s not so easy to explain.In essence, the southeast part of Europe has been the source of serious national and ethnic strife for the past 200 years It boils down to two main reasons the constant interference by big powers due to the region s strategic importance and the Ottoman practice of coinciding religion with ethnicity millets , which is why the region developed the concept of secular state identity so late compared to the rest of Europe, and remains locked in a national religious struggle.In between, Misha tells an amazing tale of the decay of the Ottoman empire, the rise of peasant socities and forming of Balkan kingdoms, with none of the industrial and social revolutions that took place to the north and west, the rise of Germany and its rivalry with Britain, leading to two world wars, the use of Balkans as the seed for conflict, in both cases, the post ww2 Balkans and the continued oppression of the peasant class, and the turbulent end of the 20th century with the Yugoslav boogaloo.The wealth of facts is amazing, appalling, mindboggling Turkey only had its first bank in 1850, and only 2% of the Ottoman population were literate Fascism gripped pretty much all of Europe in the 20s and 30s except Britain and Russia Germany was sympathetic to the Yugoslav Kingdom and did not want to get involved in the Balkans, but the coup there precipitated a second front and spoiled German plans against Russia The Balkans kings of the 20s were an odd bunch Boris liked to drive trains, Peter was a serial womanizer, and Zog never went outside without his mother The Communist leaders of the 50s and 60s were another curious bunch Tito played the West and East admirably but failed to reform the nationalistic question in the 70s Serbs vs Croats and Serbs vs Albanians Caucescu created a police state but was loved and wooed by the West Hoxha created a hermit state full of bunkers Just as ww2 ended, the Greeks had a brutal civil war, as if the killing in the previous four years weren t enough.It s all connected, intertwined the pinnacle is of course the Yugoslav wars 1990 1999, and the sad things is, nothing has changed compared to 1941 or 1914 Still the same tensions, still the same strife, still the same unresolved issues It will probably take another 100 years across the entire region hopefully through the participation in a wider EU supra body to develop the national state identity as in the West.Extremely recommended My favorite historian list just got another entry I ve already bought severalMisha s books.Seriously, I can t praise this work enough Get it Igor


  4. Jacob Aitken Jacob Aitken says:

    This book was a journey I have mixed thouhts Misha opened my eyes to a world of good information His thesis is sound the Balkans only become a powder keg when the Western powers get involved This is especially true of NATO s satanic bombing of Serbia in 99 However, I critique him on one point He says the religious issue isn t as important as the interventionist one But this only downplays subjective valuation in historical study But i digress.The Good Points It was a very thorough This book was a journey I have mixed thouhts Misha opened my eyes to a world of good information His thesis is sound the Balkans only become a powder keg when the Western powers get involved This is especially true of NATO s satanic bombing of Serbia in 99 However, I critique him on one point He says the religious issue isn t as important as the interventionist one But this only downplays subjective valuation in historical study But i digress.The Good Points It was a very thorough review of the past 2 centuries He covered every Balkan country The Bad points He downplayed the heroic resistance teh Serbs gave to the Ottomans He downplayed Draza Mikhailovich and the Chetnicks He also didn t give sufficient mention on how th West sold them out to th communists.Still, probably the best book on the subject Read it, but find other sources as well


  5. Erik Graff Erik Graff says:

    Much of what I read is to better understand friends The influx of refugee Bosnians into our East Rogers Park neighborhood in Chicago and my own former sister in law s mixed Yugoslav identity Serb and Bosnian one now being instilled in my niece has led me to read many books about the history and politics of the Balkans.Of all the books I ve read on the subject so far, Glenny s is most sympathetic and constructive Rather than blame the peoples of the Balkans for some occult primitivism, he p Much of what I read is to better understand friends The influx of refugee Bosnians into our East Rogers Park neighborhood in Chicago and my own former sister in law s mixed Yugoslav identity Serb and Bosnian one now being instilled in my niece has led me to read many books about the history and politics of the Balkans.Of all the books I ve read on the subject so far, Glenny s is most sympathetic and constructive Rather than blame the peoples of the Balkans for some occult primitivism, he puts the region in a broader perspective, outlining the influence of the stronger powers over the last few centuries, particularly as regards the breakup of Yugoslavia


  6. Christian Olson Christian Olson says:

    I both enjoyed and struggled with this book It is stunning how much information is in this book The author must have done an insane amount of research to get all the regional histories and perspectives However, I did struggle It is long It is slow in parts The tone is flat for long stretches I think the take away is I learned a bunch about a subject I knew little about before There were entertaining parts, just a little tough to give it a whole hearted recommendation.


  7. Tom Nixon Tom Nixon says:

    This is one of those subjects that has long fascinated me but I ve never actually had the time to sit down and find out much about it Happily, Misha Glenny paints as close to an all encompassing picture as one could hope for in his voluminous history of The Balkans, which covers the period from 1804 to 1999.This troubled region has long been seen as backwards and troublesome in traditional Western narratives, ranging from Bismark s prediction that the war would begin over some damned foolish t This is one of those subjects that has long fascinated me but I ve never actually had the time to sit down and find out much about it Happily, Misha Glenny paints as close to an all encompassing picture as one could hope for in his voluminous history of The Balkans, which covers the period from 1804 to 1999.This troubled region has long been seen as backwards and troublesome in traditional Western narratives, ranging from Bismark s prediction that the war would begin over some damned foolish thing in the Balkans to the general perception that the region is always a half step outside of modernity a perception that Glenny turns on its head with his well defended thesis that Western Europe bears much of the blame when it comes to the history of warfare that has rocked the region over the course of the past century.Glenny s narrative opens in the early 19th Century, which saw the acceleration of the long decline of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence, slowly but surely of national movements all across the region Serbia being amongst the first to break away, followed quickly by Greece and then Bulgaria and then the rest As the Ottoman Empire grew weaker, the European powers grew progressivelypredatory feeding off the Ottoman economy and saddling the sclerotic empire withanddebts it could not afford It took about a century to do it, but eventually, the Ottomans were essentially chased out of Europe, confined to the small chunk of land west of Istanbul that Turkey holds today.In it s wake, the Ottoman Empire left a new region for the great powers to squabble over Austria Hungry pushed deep into what is now Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia Russia tied itself to Serbia and soon the other Great Powers were jockeying for influence as well, creating a system of alliances so complex and so rigid that when Gavarilo Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, the explosion that followed afterward seemed almost inevitable.Through the tumultuos period of the First and Second Balkan War, which laid the groundwork for the bloody nationalisms which racked the region after the end of the Cold War through the equally chaotic interwar period of the various dictatorships that emerged and into the horrors and bloodshed of the Second World War and the long hard Cold War, the Balkans have been victims of the power politics of the era time and time again and the series of wars and ethnic strife that has resulted has been the collateral damage of great power meddling that encouraged nationalism and pitted one country against the other to further their own ends That s Glenny s thesis from page 1 and the next six hundred pages or so presentthan enough evidence to back that up and then some.Thesis aside, the sheer amount of knowledge that Glenny backs into his book is impressive, to say the least I know a lotabout pretty much every country in the region now I did think Macedonia and Slovenia got short shrift especially in his description of the events leading up to the disintegration of Yugoslavia And Glenny completely glosses over the events of 1989 in Bulgaria, Albania and Romania at the expense of the rapidly disintegrating Yugoslavia But then again, Glenny is faced with the extremely hard task of bringing the distinct cultures and histories of these countries together into one overarching volume so it s probably inevitable some things got missed, but Glenny does an extraordinary job pulling it off It s no surprise that he s written another book, The Fall of Yugoslavia That has now fallen onto my .com Wish List.Overall It s kind of a long, hard slog, but it s oh so worth it you want to get your knowledge on about the Balkans Want to understand why we were bombing Kosovo way back when This is the book for you


  8. Bill Tress Bill Tress says:

    The saga of the Balkans is covered in 726 pages and covers a period from 1804 to 1999 There are very few writers who have the special perspective and knowledge to write such an epic Misha Glenny special perspective comes from his career as the Central European correspondent for the BBC World Service His view is that of The Great Powers , yet, he possesses an insider s knowledge of this subject In addition to a 600 page narrative, he includes extensive notes and a Bibliography that covers an The saga of the Balkans is covered in 726 pages and covers a period from 1804 to 1999 There are very few writers who have the special perspective and knowledge to write such an epic Misha Glenny special perspective comes from his career as the Central European correspondent for the BBC World Service His view is that of The Great Powers , yet, he possesses an insider s knowledge of this subject In addition to a 600 page narrative, he includes extensive notes and a Bibliography that covers an addition 100 page This book is a primary source for any one researching the Balkan wars.Glenny has a good style of writing that provides a good flow to the story The layout of the story is by region and country and this is helpful in putting things in context As he progresses through the conflicts of each country, the narrative does skip around at times and this can be confusing.Glenny s vast knowledge of the people, leaders and places is evident throughout and it can be hard to keep up with his use of the exotic names and places he describes, reference to the maps in the front of this book is a necessity.The common thread throughout this narrative is the reasons for war such as religion, which in it s self is incomprehensible because killings, rape and innumerable atrocities are committed in the name of a God Another reason Politics people in power who are monster s and kill the citizens who elected them hate that goes back to the 15th century Capital P politics where the great powers jockey for position and influence in the region, and a few other miscellaneous reasons yet, all the reasons for war fall on the helpless peasant populations of the countries that make up the Balkans Glenny s descriptions of the inhumanity at times make the reader recoil in disbelief The one thing that The Balkans has taught this reviewer is that there is no rhyme or reason for the atrocities, just hate and man s inhumanity talk all you want about who did what, or who should have done what Savages are unleashed on helpless woman and children, who are raped and slaughtered for the pure joy of it, and this repetition throughout the book makes for a difficult read at times, yet, these things can not be deleted or glossed over by the writer because they represent the facts of the history of the Balkans.In the final chapter, the writer expresses his feelings that the great Powers did not demonstrate the will to control the outcomes of these wars Yet, this reviewer s thoughts are the Great Powers feared a quagmire and were hesitant to commit troops The Great Powers will bomb cities and the poor peasants and even throw money at the situation, but cannot solve these conflicts, only the Balkan people can overcome their own history and move into the 21st century, but it will take education and Statesmen, who have not surfaced to date.If this subject interests you and or this knowledge is necessary for you, than this book is recommended, the author is extremely well informed, he is a professional writer and he has amassed a great deal of information all incorporated into one text


  9. Adrian Fingleton Adrian Fingleton says:

    Read this a few years back just remembered when someone I know put it as want to read It s a great book and really explains the confusing complexities and origins of the conflict in that troubled part of the world A great and educational book


  10. Ed Ed says:

    This is based on the first 400 pages of The Balkans I am familiar enough with the World War II, post war and post 1989 periods to not feel I missed much in skipping those parts of the book.Glenny is a journalist The Balkans whips along like many good pieces of reporting strung together, concentrating on great men, battles and peace conferences while ignoring religion other than outlines of the clashes between and among Orthodox Catholics, their Roman facing brethren and the Islam of the O This is based on the first 400 pages of The Balkans I am familiar enough with the World War II, post war and post 1989 periods to not feel I missed much in skipping those parts of the book.Glenny is a journalist The Balkans whips along like many good pieces of reporting strung together, concentrating on great men, battles and peace conferences while ignoring religion other than outlines of the clashes between and among Orthodox Catholics, their Roman facing brethren and the Islam of the Ottoman Empire , culture, society and politics Constant descriptions of this peasant uprising followed by this set of battles followed by this truce conducted by these third party Great Power leaders doesn t give much insight into the region Best approached as a chronology of events and not an explanation of them


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