La Psychologie des Foules PDF ☆ La Psychologie ePUB

La Psychologie des Foules PDF ☆ La Psychologie ePUB

La Psychologie des Foules ❮Reading❯ ➺ La Psychologie des Foules ➲ Author Gustave Le Bon – Centrumpowypadkowe.co.uk Extrait sociale regne aujourd'hui sur toutes les ruines amoncelees du passe et l'avenir lui appartient Les foules n'ont jamais eu soif de verites Devant les evidences ui leur deplaisent elles se detou Extrait sociale regne aujourd'hui sur toutes les ruines amoncelees du passe et l'avenir lui appartient Les foules n'ont jamais eu soif de verites Devant les evidences ui leur deplaisent elles se detournent preferant deifier l'erreur si l'erreur les seduit ui sait les illusionner est aisement leur maitre; ui tente de les desillusionner est toujours leur victime p .


About the Author: Gustave Le Bon

A social psychologist sociologist and amateur physicist He was the author of several works in which he expounded theories of national traits racial superiority herd behavior and crowd psychology.



10 thoughts on “La Psychologie des Foules

  1. Mario the lone bookwolf Mario the lone bookwolf says:

    ENGLISHForever highly dangerous instructions for the instrumentalization and manipulation of humans As current as the problem is so narrow minded appear some of the author's remarks which allows his subjective opinion to flow slowly into various passages which is an unforgivable mistake for serious non fiction The mediated concept of history should be treated with caution since aspects such as the dynamics of the rise and fall of high cultures are indeed correctly explained However other factors such as the reduction to the sometimes exaggerated powerful influence of the population on the development of the state are ignored This tendency to bring all the factors described into harmony with his concept runs through the book and also reveals a for the time very talented self marketing which hints at his other works Among the themes discussed in the book are the history of mass psychology psychological explanatory experiments the factors feelings suggestibility and one sidedness the ideas judgments and imagination of groups of people religious motives influence of politics school and traditions the power of words and images the difference between changeable and unchanging opinions and fundamental views a division of the masses into eual unlawful as well as criminal Moreover the impact on jurisdiction electoral behavior and parliamentary assemblies resulting from mentioned points Psychological factors are unbalanced focusing heavily on the subconscious and others until now mostly unexplored areas of neurology so that the resulting conclusions about the underlying thought patterns are guesswork Sometimes real points of criticism such as the fact that the education system only functions as a significant funnel through dull repetition without providing any applicable knowledge are disualified by presenting the schools as breeding grounds for radicals anarchists and subversive elements The conservative and elitist worldview also manifests itself in contempt for ordinary people and a demeaning for democracy and socialism which are in stark contradiction to the other far reaching findings of the bookAdd to this racism sexism statements such as a rule of the mob would have prevented civilization and a disturbing state of mind even for the transition from the 19th to the 20th century Above all because numerous examples of other authors of the same era or also of antiuity show how a severe scholarly work without such polemics is entirely possible without infecting the reader with their thoughts while one perseveres through a crash course in sedition It is indeed frightening how often in this work 38 years before the seizure of power by the Nazis there is the talk of the leaders of the masses and what implications for the scope of the work permits since some of the described mechanisms are successfully used in practice to this day Not surprisingly in the last 100000 years humans have hardly developed physiologicallyIf this work had been characterized with consideration for objectivity and of Enlightenment and thought unconstrained thoughts its fatal effects would have been substantially reduced if not made constructive The knowledge of the mechanisms of action could also be used for particular concerns instead of always serving only the instrumentalization of selfish motivesSo it remains a frightening multiplication table of manipulation and control on sinister grounds and the sobering realization that individuals relatively limited in their capabilities are forming states like insects guided in their performance by the collective intelligenceIn humans the average of all the estimates of a group on a given topic is often astoundingly and inexplicably close to the right value However many other decisions are determined by a much uestionable factor which increases dramatically with the number of individuals involved The swarm stupidityA wiki walk can be as refreshing to the mind as a walk through nature in this yuck ugh boo completely overrated real life outside books ewig brandgefährliche Anleitung zur Instrumentalisierung und Manipulation von MenschenSo aktuell die Problematik ist so borniert erscheinen einige der Ausführungen des Autors der seine subjektive Meinung stark in diverse Passagen einfließen lässt was ein unverzeihlicher Fehler für Sachliteraten ist Das vermittelte Geschichtsbild ist mit Vorsicht zu genießen da zwar Aspekte wie die Dynamik hinter Aufstieg und Fall von Hochkulturen durchaus richtig erläutert werden Dafür werden aber andere Faktoren wie die die Reduzierung auf den mitunter übertrieben mächtig dargestellten Einfluss der Bevölkerung auf die Entwicklung des Staatswesens außer Acht lässt Diese Tendenz alle beschriebenen Einflussgrößen immer in Harmonie mit dem eigenen Konzept zu bringen zieht sich durch das Buch und offenbart auch einen für die damalige Zeit überaus talentierten Selbstvermarkter der Hinweise auf seine anderen Werke einstreutZu den erläuterten Themenkreisen des Buches gehören die Geschichte der Massenpsychologie psychologische Erläuterungsversuche die Faktoren Gefühle Beeinflussbarkeit und Einseitigkeit die Ideen Urteile und Einbildungskraft von Menschengruppen religiöse Motive Einfluss von Politik Schule und Überlieferungen die Macht von Worten und Bildern zur Manipulation den Unterschied zwischen veränderlichen und unveränderlichen Meinungen und Grundanschauungen eine Einteilung der Massen in gleichungleichartige sowie verbrecherische Und die aus erwähnten Punkten resultierende Einflusswirkung auf Rechtssprechung Wahlverhalten und ParlamentsversammlungenPsychologische Faktoren konzentrieren sich unausgewogen stark auf das Unterbewusste und andere bis heute weitgehend unerforschte Bereiche der Neurologie so dass die daraus resultierenden Schlussfolgerungen über die zugrunde legenden Denkmuster Raterei sind Dafür treffen die beschriebenen Handlungsmuster ins SchwarzeMitunter werden wahre Kritikpunkte wie die Tatsache dass das Bildungssystem durch stumpfe Repetition nur als großer Trichter fungiert ohne anwendbares Wissen zu vermitteln dadurch disualifiziert dass die Schulen als Brutstätten für Radikale Anarchisten und subversive Elemente dargestellt werden Das konservative und elitäre Weltbild zeigt sich auch in einer Verachtung für gewöhnliche Menschen und einer Herabwürdigung für Demokratie und Sozialismus die in krassem Widerspruch zu den anderen weitreichenden Erkenntnissen des Buches stehen Dazu kommen Rassismus Sexismus Aussagen wie dass eine Herrschaft des Pöbels die Zivilisation verhindert hätte und eine selbst für die Zeit des Übergangs vom 19 ins 20 Jahrhundert verstörende Geisteshaltung Vor allem weil mannigfache Beispiele anderer Autoren desselben Zeitalters oder selbst der Antike zeigen wie eine seriöse und ohne derartig Polemik auskommende wissenschaftliche Arbeit durchaus möglich ist ohne den Leser mit den eigenen Gedanken zu infizieren während man einen Schnellkurs in Volksverhetzung durchexerziert Wahrhaftig erschreckend ist wie häufig in diesem Werk 38 Jahre vor der Machtergreifung der Nationalsozialisten von den Führern der Massen die Rede ist und welch Implikationen auf die Wirkungsbreite des Werkes dies zulässt da einige der beschriebenen Mechanismen in der Praxis bis heute erfolgreich angewandt werden Wen wundert es hat sich der Mensch in den letzten 100000 Jahren doch physiologisch betrachtet kaum merklich weiter entwickeltWäre dies Werk mit mehr Bedacht auf Objektivität und stärker von aufklärerischen und durch Standesdünkel unbeeinflussten Gedanken geprägt worden hätten sich seine fatalen Auswirkungen bis heute wesentlich mindern wenn nicht gar für etwas Konstruktiveres nutzen lassen Ließe sich das Wissen über die Wirkungsmechanismen doch auch für positive Anliegen verwenden anstatt immer nur der Instrumentalisierung aus selbstsüchtigen Motiven zu dienen So bleibt es ein erschreckendes Einmaleins der Manipulation und Kontrolle aus sinistren Gründen und die ernüchternde Erkenntnis dass sich einzelne relativ in ihren Fähigkeiten eingeschränkte Staaten bildende Insekten durch die Schwarmintelligenz in ihrer Leistung und Effizienz gegenseitig potenzieren Beim Menschen hingegen liegt zwar der Mittelwert aller Schätzungen einer Gruppe zu einem vorgegebenen Thema häufig erstaunlicher sowie unerklärlicherweise nahe am richtigen Wert Dafür werden aber etliche andere Entscheidungen von einem wesentlich bedenklicheren Faktor bestimmt der mit der Anzahl der beteiligten Individuen sprunghaft ansteigt Der Schwarmblödheit


  2. May 舞 May 舞 says:

    For some reason this book seems to be uite popular in the Middle East as the go to source when one wants to learn about the psychology of crowds; however I found very little science and plenty of the author's personal opinions and observations which have not been systematically studied nor confirmed with a dash of racism sexism and elitism on the side I guess that should be expected given that The Crowd is uite out dated That it is not to say that it is completely worthless; it's not First of all Le Bon's writing is engaging and several passages struck me as beautifully written and elouent And there are arguments and assertions that I think are likely to be true such as people being impressed with prestige and exaggerated passionate statements rather than with rational argumentsOn a funny note Le Bon maintains that mental illness or madness is catching so you might want to cross reference what you read If I were to sum up my thoughts on this I would say read it for the insightful observations that it offers but not as a credible source with regards to the psychology of crowds Scientifically robust and updated works should be sought instead


  3. Vilena Vilena says:

    Extremely shrewd ahead of its time and simply brilliant One of the strongest and most influential studies I’ve read Don’t think I’ve ever highlighted a book so much An unarguable classic in the field of crowd psychology and for a good reason


  4. Ensiform Ensiform says:

    Translator not named; with an introduction by Robert A Nye my thesis advisorThere are two ways to approach this polemical rant The first is as an historical product it's a conservative response to the vagaries of the masses which in LeBon's day were leading to the dangers of socialism indifference and decadence The primitive crowd mentality was destroying civilization as LeBon saw it and this work is meant to address why and offers insights on how the statesman can control crowds better not through reason but empty platitudes and obvious imageryThe second way to look at the work is as a scholarly argument in this it fails utterly Self contradictory rambling and perfunctory when it comes to proving his notions LeBon is certainly a shrewd observer of the crowd mentality but his conclusions are illogical misplaced and false This book is in fact itself a good example of crowd manipulation as LeBon sees it That is it is repetitive avoids rational argument and invokes vague causes like race genius and civilizing sentiment


  5. JakeR JakeR says:

    This book made me understand a lot about why crowds do the things they do For example why are there so many harmful comments on social media? It's because on social media everybody's pretty invisible There will be no immediate conseuences to perhaps one of their insults among millions of others Once everyone notices the power of becoming invisible the only thing visible becomes the crowd Also in the books Homo Sapiens and Homo Deus the author also explained that this kind of crowd psychology was what built civilisations The blind crowd following a leader convinced not by logic but perhaps simply how persuasive that leader is The crowd is uite blind changing along with the tide despite all the factors that makes them so stubborn in the end things change with the passage of time Ideas lives and dies with the will of the crowd What fascinates me the most is how the crowd could've fought They perfectly had the power to do soI arrived from a conclusion from this book which is the power of persuasiveness have great power The leader manipulates the minds of the crowds into agreeing with them whether using persuasive speeches or triggering emotions of the crowds it all depends on what the leader can make the crowd do The author constantly talked about the crowd as this less intelligent sort of being yet it becomes less of the intelligence of the crowd for it is mainly the leader that takes control It is of the power of collective abilities This collective ability can change tides in history commit horrendous crimes or do amazing goods The power is in the hand of the crowd therefore if the leader can grasp that power the leader will have the powers to change the world


  6. James James says:

    I found this book enlightening but frightening and immensely sad There were a few times when I found it repetitious and boring but overall would recommend it to any thinking man and of course womanThe first part of the book is about crowds like mobs and how people behave I don't agree with everything but his central observation is that crowds are hypnotized by a leader and thus not as responsible for their actions The other part of the book that really caught my attention was the part about politics and the rise and fall of civilizations He talks about how parliamentary systems of government are the best available but inevitably lead to decline To finish a uote to make you sadTo pass in pursuit of an ideal from the barbarous to the civilized state and then when this ideal has lost its virtue to decline and die such is the cycle of the life of a people


  7. Aliaq8 Aliaq8 says:

    ZzzzzzzIts a study which is a bit dated and repetitive There are much better and Updated studies than thisa couple paragraphs that i disliked“It will be remarked that among the special characteristics of crowds there are severalwhich are almost always observed in beings belonging to inferior forms of evolution—in women savages and children for instance”Tiberius Ghengis Khan and Napoleon were assuredly redoubtable tyrants but from the depth of their graves Moses Buddha Jesus and Mahomet have exerted on the human soul a far profounder despotism”Despotism the exercise of absolute power especially in a cruel and oppressive wayi want to rant but i've worn myself out trying to finish this book


  8. S! S! says:

    read this for a class and i very much don't recommend le bon's analysis is not only extremely antiuated but also definitely bigoted racist misogynistic and most of all REEKS of classism from the first page all of my bells were ringing like overall it's a very dubious scientific analysis on the psychology of the masses which masses le bon? which specific masses did you study and then generalize about? 19th century french ones? it's a pity that crowd psychology a branch of social psychology seems to have originated from this work to be Fair and Balanced™ yes there are some very small moments of interesting commentary that are made interesting when you apply it to modern internet masses le bon argues that a person becoming part of a group awards them with anonymity and the unconscious permission to actthinkfeel in ways they would not if they were alone this made me think of for example an ugly youtube video comment section or an alt right troll's twitter but here's the thing i can find that analysis from a modern and better thinker so le bon you have outlived your usefulness anyway glad it's over and i handed in my 5pg paper


  9. sara manente sara manente says:

    the book that all the dictators apparently read


  10. Dominique Perregaux Dominique Perregaux says:

    This book is a must read to understand the past current and future revolutions Analyzing the psychology of crowds Le Bon explains in details two fundamental elements that everybody should know and assimilate1 A crowd is a crowd Whatever it is composed of idiots or savants a crowd is an anonymous mass a shapeless monster that brings to the surface the most basic primal and violent instincts of its members The impunity that being among others attribute is the basis of the danger of a crowd2 Revolutions provoked my crowds happen when a situation is no in phase with the reality This disconnection can last years but at some point the difference between the tyrants' s reality and the one from the people they control is not sustainable any; becomes too hard to bear The friction becomes so intense that the system totalitarian implodes with the crowd emerging as an unstoppable destructive of the old order force What Le Bon highlights is that this new reality the new reality brought by the revolution is a period of chaos A period of transition between the old system and the new order to come This gives further perspective to the world events we can currently witness


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